Data Set section used by Workbench Access
Collections of airborne sand are obtained at the 15 NPP sites and the Geomet site. The collections are taken using BSNE collectors. The collectors are turned into the wind with wind vanes. The amount of material collected corresponds to the horizontal flux at the height of the collector and the opening area of the collector and the duration of the sampling time. The five heights of the BSNE collectors above the soil surface are 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 centimeters for every location where samples are taken. The hypothesis of the experiment is that the vertical flux of the particles smaller than 10 micrometers is a constant ratio of the horizontal sand flux. The objectives of the experiment are to find patterns of sand flux rates as affected by soil and vegetation.
Horizontal sand mass flux data Derived from 5-stage BSNE collectors at 15 NPP sites and Geomet site
Atmospheric deposition as found in dryfall (dust) and wetfall precipitation has been collected and analyzed since 1983 using an Aerochem Metrics wetfall/dryfall collector located at the Jornada LTER weather station north of Las Cruces, NM, USA.
Atmospheric deposition as found in dryfall (dust) and wetfall precipitation has been collected and analyzed since 1983 using an Aerochem Metrics wetfall/dryfall collector located at the Jornada LTER weather station north of Las Cruces, NM, USA. Wetfall occurring as precipitation is collected after each event with a sample size large enough to analyze. Each sample is analyzed for Br, Ca, Cl, F, HPO4, K, Mg, Na, NH4, NO3/NO2, SO4, Total N, and Total P. Analysis of Sr and Dissolved Organic Nitrogen was discontinued in 2003. Dryfall data are available as a separate data package.
Wetfall chemistry data
This ongoing data set contains percent canopy cover estimates of perennial plant species from transects that cross a grazed/ungrazed boundary fenceline of a single exclosure on the New Mexico State University Chihuahuan Desert Rangeland Research Center in Dona Ana County, New Mexico, USA.
This ongoing data set contains percent canopy cover estimates of perennial plant species from transects that cross a grazed/ungrazed boundary fenceline of a single exclosure on the New Mexico State University Chihuahuan Desert Rangeland Research Center in Dona Ana County, New Mexico, USA. In the spring of 1982, as part of the establishment of the Jornada Long-Term Ecological Research site in southern New Mexico, a 135 ha portion of a 1500 ha, internally drained, watershed was exclosed from grazing by domestic livestock. Prior to exclosure the watershed, as well as the rest of the Jornada basin, had been moderately to heavily grazed for the past 100 years. Concurrent with grazing, the vegetation had undergone a dramatic change from desert grassland, with an almost continuous cover of C4 perennial grasses, to isolated patches of the original grassland in a mosaic with desert shrub dominated plant communities (Buffington and Herbel, 1965). The exclosure lies along a northeast facing piedmont slope at the base of a steep isolated mountain peak, and covers a variety of component landforms from the foot of the mountain to the basin floor. This provided the opportunity to investigate the response of vegetation with respect to landscape characteristics as well as release from grazing. This summary data set consists of percent canopy cover of all perennial plant species from the plant line intercept measurements on either side of the LTER-I exclosure East and West boundary fence. Sampling occurs approximately every five years; it was last conducted in November 2015 and will take place again in 2020.
Boxplots at canopy cover by form: https://jornada.nmsu.edu/sites/jornada.nmsu.edu/files/files/data/Canopy_cover_boxplots_1.jpg
Location on EDI: https://portal.edirepository.org/nis/metadataviewer?packageid=knb-lter-jrn.210120001
Perennial species canopy cover across grazed/ungrazed boundary fencelines
This ongoing dataset contains annual aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP) data from a study at the Jornada Experimental Range (JER) in southern New Mexico. The study was designed to assess the effect of interannual variability in precipitation on average aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP) in Chihuahuan Desert grasslands.
The study began in 2009, has five precipitation treatments (see Methods) and contains 50 plots (10 per treatment). This data package contains 6-year (2009 to 2014) means of ANPP per plot. Annual and more recent data are available and will be released pending an upcoming publication.
Figure of 6-year ANPP by plant functional group: https://jornada.nmsu.edu/sites/jornada.nmsu.edu/files/files/data/ANPP_figure.jpg
Location of dataset on EDI: https://portal.edirepository.org/nis/metadataviewer?packageid=knb-lter-jrn.210328001.1
Aboveground Net Primary Productivity from interannual precipitation variability study
This dataset contains a list of vascular plant species found in the Jornada Basin, an area at the southern end of the Jornada del Muerto in Dona Ana County, New Mexico, USA, bordered by the Rio Grande on the west and the San Andres Mountains on the east.
The area encompases the Jornada Basin LTER, Chihuahuan Desert Rangeland Research Center of New Mexico State University, and the plains and bajadas (but not foothills and mountains) of the USDA Jornada Experimental Range. Taxonomy follows Allred, Kelly A. 2012. Flora Neomexican I: Annotated Checklist, 2nd edition and is cross-referenced to the taxonomy maintained by the Jornada Basin LTER (see Methods and Additional Information) as well as species codes to the USDA PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov). More information is provided for species encountered in Jornada Basin LTER core datasets.
JRN vascular plant species list
t: The goal of this Master’s thesis project, which was carried out in July and August of 2016, was to assess the effect of inferred grazing intensity on 1) vegetation cover type and 2) soil organic carbon (SOC) at the Jornada Experimental Range in southern New Mexico.
A sampling transect was established at each of 3 long term cattle water sources (85-106 years old), beginning 5m from the water source and continuing 1500m outward. Soil bulk density, soil organic carbon, soil organic nitrogen, and dominant plant cover type (shrub, grass, and bare soil) were sampled at 20 locations on each transect. Two hypotheses evaluated in this study are: 1) higher grazing pressure near the water source will lead to reduced vegetation cover and C inputs into the soil, leading to higher SOC stocks in soil with far proximity to the water source; and 2) Grazing very close to the water source will exert high disturbance and deposit SOC via defecation, leading to higher SOC stocks in soil with close proximity to the water source.
A figure of the data in this package: https://jornada.nmsu.edu/sites/jornada.nmsu.edu/files/files/data/Cattle_soil_carbon_figure.jpg
Location on EDI: https://portal.edirepository.org/nis/metadataviewer?packageid=knb-lter-jrn.210472001.1
Vegetation Cover and Soil Organic Carbon at 3 wells in the Jornada Basin
This ongoing dataset contains metrics of plant diversity, evenness, and richness from a study at the Jornada Experimental Range (JER) in southern New Mexico. The study was designed to assess the effect of interannual variability in precipitation on average aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP) in Chihuahuan Desert grasslands.
The study began in 2009, has five precipitation treatments (see Methods) and contains 50 plots (10 per treatment). This data package contains 6-year (2009 to 2014) means of metrics per plot. Annual and more recent data are available and will be released pending an upcoming publication.
Meaures of plant diversity & richness by treatment: https://jornada.nmsu.edu/sites/jornada.nmsu.edu/files/files/data/Div_Rich_figure.jpg
EDI data location: https://portal.edirepository.org/nis/metadataviewer?packageid=knb-lter-jrn.210328002.1
Plant diversity and richness metrics from interannual precipitation variability study
This completed dataset contains soil moisture data from a study at the Jornada Experimental Range (JER) in southern New Mexico. The study was designed to assess the effect of interannual variability in precipitation on average aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP) in Chihuahuan Desert grasslands. The study began in 2009 and has five precipitation treatments (see Methods).
While the study began in 2009, contains 50 plots (10 per treatment) and is ongoing, these data were only collected from July 2011 to December 2013 in a subset of 20 plots (4 per treatment). This dataset is intended to provide information about the amount of water in the top 30 cm of soil as well as verify that experimental precipitation manipulations are effective. Figure of soil moisture by precipitation treatment: https://jornada.nmsu.edu/sites/jornada.nmsu.edu/files/files/data/soil_moisture_figure.jpg Metadata and data on EDI: https://portal.edirepository.org/nis/mapbrowse?scope=knb-lter-jrn&identifier=210328003
soil moisture and precipitation data from interannual precipitation variability study
This completed dataset, collected in 2001, contains soil particle size analysis (PSA) and sand fractionation data from soil cores collected at 116 quadrat locations that are part of the Jornada Experimental Range's long-term Permanent Quadrats study. The goal of this effort was to help characterize plant-scale factors related to vegetation dynamics observed in the Permanent Quadrats.
At each quadrat location, 4 cores were collected at 2 depths (0-5cm and 5-20cm) and assessed for percent sand, silt and clay. The sand fraction, if large enough, was then separated into 5 sand size classes (53-106 micrometers, 106-250 micrometers, 250-500 micrometers, 500-1000 micrometers, 1000-2000 micrometers) to measure the percent fraction of each.
Composition of Sand Fraction at 116 Permanent Quadrats: https://jornada.nmsu.edu/sites/jornada.nmsu.edu/files/files/data/Quadrats_Sand_Fractionation_0.jpg
Soil Particle Size Analysis at 116 Permanent Quadrats: https://jornada.nmsu.edu/sites/jornada.nmsu.edu/files/files/data/Quadrats_PSA_0.jpg
Soil organic carbon (SOC) is derived primarily from the decomposition of plant biomass. Animals that create greenfall, or green leaf litter, influence SOC dynamics by altering the phenological condition and, therefore, nutrient quality of plant litter.
Animals that transport greenfall to a microsite with different microhabitat conditions from those where senesced litter would typically be found also influence SOC dynamics by altering the prevalence of various decomposition drivers. Microsite differences are particularly pronounced in arid and semi-arid ecosystems with heterogeneous vegetation cover. We investigated differences in decomposition between greenfall and senesced litter of three common Chihuahuan Desert plants from which animals frequently generate greenfall (Larrea tridentata, Sporobolus flexuosus, Yucca elata), using a litterbag study to quantify differences in mass, carbon (C), and nitrogen (N) losses between green and senesced leaves placed in shrub intercanopy and subcanopy microsites in a desert shrubland. We hypothesized that decomposition would be more rapid in 1) greenfall than naturally senesced litter, because of the higher nutrient concentration in green than senesced leaves, and 2) in intercanopy than shrub subcanopy microsites, because of increased exposure to decomposition drivers like soil-litter mixing and photodegradation in the less vegetated open area between shrub canopies. Using a litterbag study, we quantified differences in litter mass, C, and N losses between green and senesced leaves placed in shrub subcanopy and intercanopy (open) microsites. Measured variables include litter mass and litter ash, carbon, and nitrogen content. We found that there were significant differences in the nutrient concentration of green and senesced leaves of the same species, and that both litter condition and microsite affected decomposition rate. For two of the three litter species, greenfall decomposed more rapidly than senesced litter, and for all three species litter in intercanopy microsites decomposed more rapidly than in subcanopy microsites. Our results support that the creation and translocation of greenfall by animals is an important mechanism regulating the speed of decomposition and the transfer of C and nutrients from plant biomass into the soil.
Greenfall decomposition data collected on the Jornada Basin.