Jornada Data Category

Classification of research datasets by Jornada data category (animal, climate, decomposition, gis, hydrology, intersite, plant, remote sensing, soil)

Dataset: 

Data set ID: 

210120001

Date range: 

1986-09-24 to 2015-11-02

Original investigator: 

Walter G Whitford

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

This ongoing data set contains percent canopy cover estimates of perennial plant species from transects that cross a grazed/ungrazed boundary fenceline of a single exclosure on the New Mexico State University Chihuahuan Desert Rangeland Research Center in Dona Ana County, New Mexico, USA.

This ongoing data set contains percent canopy cover estimates of perennial plant species from transects that cross a grazed/ungrazed boundary fenceline of a single exclosure on the New Mexico State University Chihuahuan Desert Rangeland Research Center in Dona Ana County, New Mexico, USA. In the spring of 1982, as part of the establishment of the Jornada Long-Term Ecological Research site in southern New Mexico, a 135 ha portion of a 1500 ha, internally drained, watershed was exclosed from grazing by domestic livestock. Prior to exclosure the watershed, as well as the rest of the Jornada basin, had been moderately to heavily grazed for the past 100 years. Concurrent with grazing, the vegetation had undergone a dramatic change from desert grassland, with an almost continuous cover of C4 perennial grasses, to isolated patches of the original grassland in a mosaic with desert shrub dominated plant communities (Buffington and Herbel, 1965). The exclosure lies along a northeast facing piedmont slope at the base of a steep isolated mountain peak, and covers a variety of component landforms from the foot of the mountain to the basin floor. This provided the opportunity to investigate the response of vegetation with respect to landscape characteristics as well as release from grazing. This summary data set consists of percent canopy cover of all perennial plant species from the plant line intercept measurements on either side of the LTER-I exclosure East and West boundary fence. Sampling occurs approximately every five years; it was last conducted in November 2015 and will take place again in 2020.  

Boxplots at canopy cover by form: https://jornada.nmsu.edu/sites/jornada.nmsu.edu/files/files/data/Canopy_cover_boxplots_1.jpg

Location on EDI: https://portal.edirepository.org/nis/metadataviewer?packageid=knb-lter-jrn.210120001

Data download: 

Description: 

Perennial species canopy cover across grazed/ungrazed boundary fencelines

LTER Core Area(s): 

Keywords: 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

471

Data set ID: 

210472001

Abstract: 

t: The goal of this Master’s thesis project, which was carried out in July and August of 2016, was to assess the effect of inferred grazing intensity on 1) vegetation cover type and 2) soil organic carbon (SOC) at the Jornada Experimental Range in southern New Mexico.

A sampling transect was established at each of 3 long term cattle water sources (85-106 years old), beginning 5m from the water source and continuing 1500m outward. Soil bulk density, soil organic carbon, soil organic nitrogen, and dominant plant cover type (shrub, grass, and bare soil) were sampled at 20 locations on each transect. Two hypotheses evaluated in this study are: 1) higher grazing pressure near the water source will lead to reduced vegetation cover and C inputs into the soil, leading to higher SOC stocks in soil with far proximity to the water source; and 2) Grazing very close to the water source will exert high disturbance and deposit SOC via defecation, leading to higher SOC stocks in soil with close proximity to the water source.

 

A figure of the data in this package:  https://jornada.nmsu.edu/sites/jornada.nmsu.edu/files/files/data/Cattle_soil_carbon_figure.jpg

Location on EDI: https://portal.edirepository.org/nis/metadataviewer?packageid=knb-lter-jrn.210472001.1

Data download: 

Description: 

Vegetation Cover and Soil Organic Carbon at 3 wells in the Jornada Basin

Vegetation Cover and Soil Organic Carbon at 3 wells in the Jornada Basin

LTER Core Area(s): 

Keywords: 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

328

Data set ID: 

210328003

Date range: 

2011-07-12 to 2013-12-13

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

This completed dataset contains soil moisture data from a study at the Jornada Experimental Range (JER) in southern New Mexico. The study was designed to assess the effect of interannual variability in precipitation on average aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP) in Chihuahuan Desert grasslands. The study began in 2009 and has five precipitation treatments (see Methods).

While the study began in 2009, contains 50 plots (10 per treatment) and is ongoing, these data were only collected from July 2011 to December 2013 in a subset of 20 plots (4 per treatment). This dataset is intended to provide information about the amount of water in the top 30 cm of soil as well as verify that experimental precipitation manipulations are effective. Figure of soil moisture by precipitation treatment: https://jornada.nmsu.edu/sites/jornada.nmsu.edu/files/files/data/soil_moisture_figure.jpg Metadata and data on EDI: https://portal.edirepository.org/nis/mapbrowse?scope=knb-lter-jrn&identifier=210328003

Data download: 

Description: 

soil moisture and precipitation data from interannual precipitation variability study

soil moisture and precipitation data from interannual precipitation variability study

Keywords: 

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