soil nutrients

Dataset: 

Study number: 

394

Data set ID: 

210394008

Original investigator: 

Ross Virginia

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

**The objective of the present research was to determine whether there have been changes in the structure and function of the surface (0-20cm) soil system, the zone most affected by litter decomposition, which is associated with the rapid movement of mesquite from historical habitats (arroyo and playa fringe) into recent habitats (grassland and dunes).

We hypothesized that the soil biotic communities would be poorly developed in the recent mesquite habitats because of lower soil C and nutrient concentrations. As a result of these differences we predicted lower rates of net N mineralization in the soils from recent mesquite habitats. Data set contains analyses for gravimetric soil moisture, pH, phosphate, total Kjeldahl nitrogen, total phosphorus, NO3-N nitrogen mineralization, total inorganic nitrogen, NH4-N nitrogen mineralization, organic carbon, inorganic carbon, total roots, tap roots, intermediate roots, and fine roots.

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Dataset: 

Study number: 

400

Data set ID: 

210400002

Original investigator: 

John Anderson

Abstract: 

PO4-P levels in CaCl2 and NaHCO3 extracts of soils collected at each station along transect. Moisture content of soil samples is also included. No soil samples were collected along the fertilized (treated transect) in January 1985; January 1986 data contains both fertilized (treated) and control transect samples.

PO4-P levels in CaCl2 and NaHCO3 extracts of soils collected at each station along transect. Moisture content of soil samples is also included. No soil samples were collected along the fertilized (treated transect) in January 1985; January 1986 data contains both fertilized (treated) and control transect samples.

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Dataset: 

Study number: 

400

Data set ID: 

210400004

Original investigator: 

John Anderson

Abstract: 

Total nitrogen in soil was determined on control and treatment (fertilized) transects by Kjeldahl digestion.

Total nitrogen in soil was determined on control and treatment (fertilized) transects by Kjeldahl digestion.

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Dataset: 

Study number: 

398

Data set ID: 

210398002

Original investigator: 

John Anderson

Abstract: 

Soil nutrient distribution in NPP quads in the Mesquite, Grassland, Playa, Creosotebush, and Tarbush plant communities sampled at 3 spatial scales of grids. Soils were sampled from the NPP (biomass plots). Each of the five vegetation types (mesquite, grassland, playa, creosote, tarbush) had three sites (with low, medium, and high production levels).

At 14 of 15 sites a grid of 70 by 70 meters was set out. Within this 49 plots of 10 by 10 meters were placed and labeled (numbered) in serpentine design. At the 15th site, Playa College, 48 plots of 10 by 10 meters were laid out in three long rows of 16 plots per row. At all sites the soil sample of 0-10 cm depth was taken 1 meter from the NE marker bar at a diagonal (heading toward the SW marker). 70m x 70m layout of NPP quads where 1 is in NE corner. 43 42 29 28 15 14 1 44 41 30 27 16 13 2 45 40 31 26 17 12 3 46 39 32 25 18 11 4 47 38 33 24 19 10 5 48 37 34 23 20 9 6 49 36 35 22 21 8 7 160m x 30m layout of P-COLL NPP quads where 1 is in NE corner. 33 32 1 34 31 2 35 30 3 36 29 4 37 28 5 38 27 6 39 26 7 40 25 8 41 24 9 42 23 10 43 22 11 44 21 12 45 20 13 46 19 14 47 18 15 48 17 16 At one of each of the five vegetation types another set of 49 soils (#101-149) was taken from within one of the 10 by 10 meter plots. Using a 7 by 7 meter grid (bounded by the southern east-west boundary line and the western north-south boundary line[#149 is in the SW corner]) soils were sampled 1 meter apart using a serpentine design. 7m x 7m layout within single 10m x 10m NPP plot. 143 142 129 128 115 114 101 144 141 130 127 116 113 102 145 140 131 126 117 112 103 146 139 132 125 118 111 104 147 138 133 124 119 110 105 148 137 134 123 120 109 106 149 136 135 122 121 108 107

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Dataset: 

Study number: 

398

Data set ID: 

210398001

Original investigator: 

John Anderson

Abstract: 

Soil nutrient distribution beneath and between plant canopies in the Mesquite, Grassland, Playa, Creosotebush, and Tarbush plant communities. The LTER plant biomass plots was sampled in June 1989.

A total of 750 soil samples were collected from 5 depths (0- 10, 10-20, 20-40, 40-60, 60-100 cm), 2 locations (under and between shrubs), within 5 vegetation zones (Mesquite, Grassland, Playa, Creosotebush, Tarbush), 3 sites per zone (site with low, medium, and high biomass, ranked based on FALL-89 biomass), and 5 directions per site (in buffer zone just outside of NPP plots N, S, E, W, and in the center of NPP plots C). Samples were analyzed for pH, CaCO3, NaHCO3- extractable P, KCl-extractable NH4 and NO3, total kjeldahl N, Saturation extrac cations, and DTPA-extractable micronutrients.

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Dataset: 

Study number: 

394

Data set ID: 

210394009

Original investigator: 

Ross Virginia

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

Soils were sampled under Prosopis at four sites and under Larrea at one site on the Jornada Desert Site on October 1, 1986. Samples were taken from two depths (0-15cm, 15-30cm) for three canopy positions and one interzone position for each tree or shrub. Four trees or shrubs were sampled at each site.

The soils were analyzed for Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN), and inorganic N-- nitrate-N and ammonium-N.

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Dataset: 

Study number: 

394

Data set ID: 

210394002

Original investigator: 

Ross Virginia

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

Soil cores were collected under mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa) trees at playa, wash, sand dune, and grassland sites on the Jornada LTER site to depths of 15, 9, 7, and 4 m. Soil cores (to 4 m) were also taken under creosote bush (Larrea tridentata) near the wash site. Soils were extracted and analyzed for micronutrients, Zn, Cu, Fe, and Mn.

Soil cores were collected under mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa) trees at playa, wash, sand dune, and grassland sites on the Jornada LTER site to depths of 15, 9, 7, and 4 m. Soil cores (to 4 m) were also taken under creosote bush (Larrea tridentata) near the wash site. Soils were extracted and analyzed for micronutrients, Zn, Cu, Fe, and Mn.

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Dataset: 

Study number: 

4

Data set ID: 

394004

Original investigator: 

Ross Virginia

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

*We have hypothesized that large rhizobial population densities can occur at considerable depths in woody legume systems where deep moisture also occurs. However, associated with deep soil environments are low concentrations of soil nutrients that might affect nodulation and also limit survival of free-living rhizobia.

The objectives of this study were to (1) determine if results from a previous study of a mesquite woodland utilizing groundwater in the Californian Sonoran desert were generizable to mesquite systems in other deserts where root depth varied with ecosystem type and (2) examine possible relationships of soil properties and host-plant phenology to rhizobial concentrations. Data set contains total nitrogen, total phosphorous,NH4-N, NO3-N, PO4-P, percent moisture, total roots, tap roots, fine roots, vesicular arbuscular mycorrhiza, rhizobia Most Probable Number, and Rhizobia log (1+MPN).

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Dataset: 

Study number: 

386

Data set ID: 

210386011

Original investigator: 

Ross Virginia

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

[Mesquite root tube soil nutrients from soil cores collected under mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa) at the dune, playa, and grassland sites. Data consists of NO3, NH4, and soil H2O (percent).]

[Mesquite root tube soil nutrients from soil cores collected under mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa) at the dune, playa, and grassland sites. Data consists of NO3, NH4, and soil H2O (percent).]

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Dataset: 

Study number: 

386

Data set ID: 

210386010

Original investigator: 

Ross Virginia

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

[Soil mite numbers associated with soil cores collected under mesquite {Prosopis glandulosa) at the dune, playa and grassland sites.]

[Soil mite numbers associated with soil cores collected under mesquite {Prosopis glandulosa) at the dune, playa and grassland sites.]

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