soil

Dataset: 

Data set ID: 

12345

Date range: 

1998-03-14 to 2019-02-21

Original investigator: 

Dale A Gillette

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

Collections of airborne sand are obtained at the 15 NPP sites and the Geomet site. The collections are taken using BSNE collectors. The collectors are turned into the wind with wind vanes. The amount of material collected corresponds to the horizontal flux at the height of the collector and the opening area of the collector and the duration of the sampling time. The five heights of the BSNE collectors above the soil surface are 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 centimeters for every location where samples are taken. The hypothesis of the experiment is that the vertical flux of the particles smaller than 10 micrometers is a constant ratio of the horizontal sand flux. The objectives of the experiment are to find patterns of sand flux rates as affected by soil and vegetation.

Data download: 

Description: 

Horizontal sand mass flux data Derived from 5-stage BSNE collectors at 15 NPP sites and Geomet site

Horizontal sand mass flux data Derived from 5-stage BSNE collectors at 15 NPP sites and Geomet site

LTER Core Area(s): 

Keywords: 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

471

Data set ID: 

210472001

Abstract: 

t: The goal of this Master’s thesis project, which was carried out in July and August of 2016, was to assess the effect of inferred grazing intensity on 1) vegetation cover type and 2) soil organic carbon (SOC) at the Jornada Experimental Range in southern New Mexico.

A sampling transect was established at each of 3 long term cattle water sources (85-106 years old), beginning 5m from the water source and continuing 1500m outward. Soil bulk density, soil organic carbon, soil organic nitrogen, and dominant plant cover type (shrub, grass, and bare soil) were sampled at 20 locations on each transect. Two hypotheses evaluated in this study are: 1) higher grazing pressure near the water source will lead to reduced vegetation cover and C inputs into the soil, leading to higher SOC stocks in soil with far proximity to the water source; and 2) Grazing very close to the water source will exert high disturbance and deposit SOC via defecation, leading to higher SOC stocks in soil with close proximity to the water source.

 

A figure of the data in this package:  https://jornada.nmsu.edu/sites/jornada.nmsu.edu/files/files/data/Cattle_soil_carbon_figure.jpg

Location on EDI: https://portal.edirepository.org/nis/metadataviewer?packageid=knb-lter-jrn.210472001.1

Data download: 

Description: 

Vegetation Cover and Soil Organic Carbon at 3 wells in the Jornada Basin

Vegetation Cover and Soil Organic Carbon at 3 wells in the Jornada Basin

LTER Core Area(s): 

Keywords: 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

328

Data set ID: 

210328003

Date range: 

2011-07-12 to 2013-12-13

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

This completed dataset contains soil moisture data from a study at the Jornada Experimental Range (JER) in southern New Mexico. The study was designed to assess the effect of interannual variability in precipitation on average aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP) in Chihuahuan Desert grasslands. The study began in 2009 and has five precipitation treatments (see Methods).

While the study began in 2009, contains 50 plots (10 per treatment) and is ongoing, these data were only collected from July 2011 to December 2013 in a subset of 20 plots (4 per treatment). This dataset is intended to provide information about the amount of water in the top 30 cm of soil as well as verify that experimental precipitation manipulations are effective. Figure of soil moisture by precipitation treatment: https://jornada.nmsu.edu/sites/jornada.nmsu.edu/files/files/data/soil_moisture_figure.jpg Metadata and data on EDI: https://portal.edirepository.org/nis/mapbrowse?scope=knb-lter-jrn&identifier=210328003

Data download: 

Description: 

soil moisture and precipitation data from interannual precipitation variability study

soil moisture and precipitation data from interannual precipitation variability study

Keywords: 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

351

Data set ID: 

210351003

Date range: 

2001-01-01 to 2001-12-31

Original investigator: 

Jin Yao

Abstract: 

This completed dataset, collected in 2001, contains soil particle size analysis (PSA) and sand fractionation data from soil cores collected at 116 quadrat locations that are part of the Jornada Experimental Range's long-term Permanent Quadrats study. The goal of this effort was to help characterize plant-scale factors related to vegetation dynamics observed in the Permanent Quadrats.

At each quadrat location, 4 cores were collected at 2 depths (0-5cm and 5-20cm) and assessed for percent sand, silt and clay. The sand fraction, if large enough, was then separated into 5 sand size classes (53-106 micrometers, 106-250 micrometers, 250-500 micrometers, 500-1000 micrometers, 1000-2000 micrometers) to measure the percent fraction of each.

Composition of Sand Fraction at 116 Permanent Quadrats:  https://jornada.nmsu.edu/sites/jornada.nmsu.edu/files/files/data/Quadrats_Sand_Fractionation_0.jpg

Soil Particle Size Analysis at 116 Permanent Quadrats: https://jornada.nmsu.edu/sites/jornada.nmsu.edu/files/files/data/Quadrats_PSA_0.jpg

Soil PSA

Data download: 

Description: 

  Soil PSA and Sand Fractionation data
  Soil PSA and Sand Fractionation data

LTER Core Area(s): 

Keywords: 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

121

Data set ID: 

210121007

Date range: 

1996-06-01 to 1999-10-11

Original investigator: 

Laura Huenneke

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

[John Anderson added the following from info provided by Justin Van Zee and edited by Michelle Buonopane.] Overview: In semiarid ecosystems the diversity of plant functional types ( grasses, shrubs, succulents, and so on) and of species may interact with the severe stresses imposed by the desert environment to influence ecosystem processes.

Erosion and transport of surface sediment by wind and water is one process that may be affected by the physical structure of the plant community. The Jornada plant diversity experiment, in which the diversity and structure of the plant community have been manipulated in large (25 m x 25 m) plots, offers the opportunity to examine the relative importance of vegetation characteristics and landscape position in determining rates of sediment movement within the plots. Soil erosion is also an important indicator of relative disturbance effects of the treatment manipulations. Each of the 48 plots of the plant diversity experiment contains 5 pans or trays on the downslope side; these accumulate sediments and plant litter that are moving within the plots (carried by wind or by water). Data have been collected on the amount of sediment accumulated in the pans during rainy and during dry seasons, with material sorted and weighed as fine (< 2 mm diameter) or coarse > 2 mm) mineral sediment, plant litter, or rabbit/jackrabbit pellets. Previous statistical analyses found that the mass of material collected per plot is explained only poorly by the treatment (plant community manipulation) of the plot and by block (a rough indication of location on the slope). Objectives: We will test the relative significance of the following variables in explaining plot-level accumulations of sediment and litter: treatment, block, position on slope (the row, from 1 (top of slope) to 10 (bottom), in which the plot is located), the treatment of the plot immediately upslope from the plot, and indices of plant cover and volume (total and by functional group) from the plot-level sampling of vegetation (using fall 1997 data). In addition, we will test the significance of the following variables in explaining the accumulation of sediment and litter in individual pans within a plot: all variables listed above for the plot, plus indices of the vegetative cover and volume located immediately upslope of the pan (weighted for distance from the pan itself).

Data download: 

Description: 

Data file information for the following Jornada data set: Soil erosion pan

LTER Core Area(s): 

Dataset: 

Data set ID: 

210400001

Date range: 

1985-01-27 to 1985-02-02

Original investigator: 

Peter Wierenga

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

Levels of basic cations (Ca, Mg, Na, K) extractable in 1N ammonium acetate (NH4Ac) from soils collected at stations C01 through C90 along the LTER-I Control transect.

Levels of basic cations (Ca, Mg, Na, K) extractable in 1N ammonium acetate (NH4Ac) from soils collected at stations C01 through C90 along the LTER-I Control transect.

Data download: 

Description: 

Data file information for the following Jornada data set: Transect Soil Cations

LTER Core Area(s): 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

400

Data set ID: 

210400003

Date range: 

1982-03-20 to 1984-06-20

Original investigator: 

Peter Wierenga

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

Variation in the soil from place to place is a fact of nature and is substantial. It is a major source of uncertainty in soil survey and causes many of the difficulties of applying mathematics to the study of soil. Soil variability within small areas can be studied by using a straight line (transect) laid over a tract of known distance and can be sampled and observed equidistantly.

Line transects give an indication of both the local and the general variation. The technique, however, may depend strongly on direction of the transect. Soil along the LTER I Control transect was sampled at 30 meter intervals from station C01 through C89. Soil characteristics were measured at 4 depths (30, 60, 90, and 120 cm) for the percent composition of clay, silt, sand, very coarse sand, coarse sand, medium sand, fine sand, very fine sand, calcium carbonate, organic carbon and coarse fragments greater than 2mm.

Data download: 

Description: 

Data file information for the following Jornada data set: Transect Particle Size Analysis

LTER Core Area(s): 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

399

Data set ID: 

210399001

Date range: 

1983-08-29 to 1986-07-23

Original investigator: 

Fred Fisher

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

NO3 + NO2-N and NH4-N levels of soil samples collected at each station along transect. Moisture content of soil samples is also included.

NO3 + NO2-N and NH4-N levels of soil samples collected at each station along transect. Moisture content of soil samples is also included.

Data download: 

Description: 

Data file information for the following Jornada data set: Transect Soil Nitrogen

LTER Core Area(s): 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

121

Data set ID: 

210121002

Date range: 

1998-06-29 to 1998-07-31

Original investigator: 

Laura Huenneke

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

Overview: In semiarid ecosystems the diversity of plant functional types ( grasses, shrubs, succulents, and so on) and of species may interact with the severe stresses imposed by the desert environment to influence ecosystem processes. Erosion and transport of surface sediment by wind and water is one process that may be affected by the physical structure of the plant community.

The Jornada plant diversity experiment, in which the diversity and structure of the plant community have been manipulated in large (25 m x 25 m) plots, offers the opportunity to examine the relative importance of vegetation characteristics and landscape position in determining rates of sediment movement within the plots. Each of the 48 plots of the plant diversity experiment contains 5 pans or trays on the downslope side; these accumulate sediments and plant litter that are moving within the plots (carried by wind or by water). Data have been collected on the amount of sediment accumulated in the pans during rainy and during dry seasons, with material sorted and weighed as fine (< 2 mm diameter) or coarse > 2 mm) mineral sediment, plant litter, or rabbit/jackrabbit pellets. Previous statistical analyses found that the mass of material collected per plot is explained only poorly by the treatment (plant community manipulation) of the plot and by block (a rough indication of location on the slope). Objectives: We will test the relative significance of the following variables in explaining plot-level accumulations of sediment and litter: treatment, block, position on slope (the row, from 1 (top of slope) to 10 (bottom), in which the plot is located), the treatment of the plot immediately upslope from the plot, and indices of plant cover and volume (total and by functional group) from the plot-level sampling of vegetation (using fall 1997 data). In addition, we will test the significance of the following variables in explaining the accumulation of sediment and litter in individual pans within a plot: all variables listed above for the plot, plus indices of the vegetative cover and volume located immediately upslope of the pan (weighted for distance from the pan itself). Response variables: Vegetative cover measurements are made immediately upslope of erosion pans to estimate plant cover and volume. This is done at two scales. The three large quadrats (2 m x 2 m) are used to look at all large plants (height > 25 cm) rooted within them. The six small plots (50 cm x 50 cm) are used to look at all small plants (greater or equal to 3 cm maximum diameter, but less than or equal to 10 cm) rooted within them. Maximum diameter, maximum perpendicular diameter, and height are measured to the nearest centimeter.

Data download: 

Description: 

Data file information for the following Jornada data set: Erosion zone vegetation

LTER Core Area(s): 

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