These data are collected to provide a measurement of rainfall at the Biodiversity site. They are detailed records providing a time stamp of month/day/year hour:minute:second for each tip of the tipping bucket rain gauge (equal to 0.1 mm of precipitation).
A 4" diameter cylindric graduated rain gage (11" x 0.01" capacity) is mounted on a 4x4 inch diameter redwood post or on a wooden exclosure post next to gate at or near the 15 LTER-II NPP sites. Collection is made monthly on the day that monthly soil water content measurements are made to correlate precipitation input with belowground water content. Data is collected primarily from graduated rain gauges. However, when missing data would result otherwise, amounts from the closest rain gauge are used in order to maintain as complete a data set as possible for that site. The rain gauge used is identified with each rainfall record. Other types that may be used are the Standard Can Gauge (DSRG or dipstick rain gauge), Belfort Weigh Bucket Rain Gauge (WBRG), and Qualimetrics Tipping Bucket Rain Gauge (TBRG).
Daily summary values of averages of readings of the following parameters are made which are based on data recorded on a Campbell CR10(X) data logger: maximum, minimum, and average air temperature; maximum and minimum relative humidity; total precipitation; average wind speed; maximum wind speed; average wind direction; total incoming solar radiation; average soil temperature at 5cm and 20cm; mean dew temperature. From 1983 - 5 June 1991, readings on which daily averages are based were made at 12 second intervals. From 6 June 1991 to present, readings on which daily averages are based are made at 10 second intervals.
Monthly summary of precipitation and air temperature data collected daily from standard U.S. climatological service instruments located at USDA Jornada Experimental Range Headquarters.
Precipitation is recorded weekly at each of the 91 sampling stations located 30m apart along the LTER-I Control Transect from a direct- reading rain-gauge attached to the west cross-arm of the station marker.
OVERVIEW This is the Jornada Long Term Ecological Research site data base for the 2 x 2 meter natural rainfall-runoff plots. There are 4074 plot-events or observations in the data set. Of those 4074 observations, 2745 contained precipitation values greater than zero or contained precipitation values greater than runoff values. Very few observations showed runoff values greater than precipitation. All values are included here for completeness of the data set. These data were collected and analyzed in the laboratory under the supervision of John Anderson (primarily). Dr. Susan M. Bolton and Dr. Tim J. Ward compiled and checked the data. Tim J. Ward is responsible for the final input, checking and presentation of the data set presented below. Questions about the data should be directed to Tim J. Ward through the Jornada LTER.