biomass

Biomass dataset

Dataset: 

Study number: 

15

Data set ID: 

210015002

Date range: 

1989-11-27

Original investigator: 

Walter G Whitford

Abstract: 

In the spring of 1982, as part of the establishment of the Jornada Long-Term Ecological Research site in southern New Mexico, a 135 ha portion of a 1500 ha, internally drained, watershed was exclosed from grazing by domestic livestock. Prior to exclosure the watershed, as well as the rest of the Jornada basin, had been moderately to heavily grazed for the past 100 years. Concurrent with grazing, the vegetation had undergone a dramatic change from desert grassland, with an almost continuous cover of C4 perennial grasses, to isolated patches of the original grassland in a mosaic with desert shrub dominated plant communities (Buffington and Herbel, 1965). Three parallel transects (2.7 km in length) run from the middle of the College Playa up into the foot of Mt. Summerford. The Control transect is to the west, the Treatment transect on the east side of the Control transect, and the Alternate Control to the east of the Treatment transect. Each transect is 30 meters wide with a 45 meter buffer zone between each transect. The Treatment transect was treated annually until 1987 with NHNO3 in a concentration equal to 10g N/m2.Soil mineralization was examined on the control and fertilized treatment transects in association with the vegetation biomass study. In 1989, soil properties were measured. This dataset contains soil moisture correction factor, sample weight, total inorganic nitrogen (NO3+NO2-N), and nitrogen in ammonium (NH4-N) for Week F (field) of nitrogen mineralization potentials. This study is complete.

Data download: 

Description: 

Data file information for the following Jornada data set: Transect Soil Mineralization Potential (Field)

LTER Core Area(s): 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

15

Data set ID: 

210015003

Date range: 

1989-11-27

Original investigator: 

Walter G Whitford

Abstract: 

In the spring of 1982, as part of the establishment of the Jornada Long-Term Ecological Research site in southern New Mexico, a 135 ha portion of a 1500 ha, internally drained, watershed was exclosed from

grazing by domestic livestock. Prior to exclosure the watershed, as well as the rest of the Jornada basin, had been moderately to heavily grazed for the past 100 years. Concurrent with grazing, the vegetation had undergone a dramatic change from desert grassland, with an almost continuous cover of C4 perennial grasses, to isolated patches of the original grassland in a mosaic with desert shrub dominated plant communities (Buffington and Herbel, 1965). Three parallel transects (2.7 km in length) run from the middle of the College Playa up into the foot of Mt. Summerford. The Control transect is to the west, the Treatment transect on the east side of the Control transect, and the Alternate Control to the east of the Treatment transect. Each transect is 30 meters wide with a 45 meter buffer zone between each transect. The Treatment transect was treated annually until 1987 with NHNO3 in a concentration equal to 10g N/m2.Soil mineralization was examined on the control and fertilized treatment transects in association with the vegetation biomass study. In 1989, soil properties were measured. This Dataset contains soil moisture correction factor, sample weight, total inorganic nitrogen (NO3+NO2-N), and nitrogen in ammonium (NH4-N) for Week 0 of nitrogen mineralization potentials. This sampling is complete.

Data download: 

Description: 

Data file information for the following Jornada data set: Transect Soil Mineralization Potential (Initial)

LTER Core Area(s): 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

15

Data set ID: 

210015001

Date range: 

1989-09-15 to 1989-09-20

Original investigator: 

Walter G Whitford

Abstract: 

In the spring of 1982, as part of the establishment of the Jornada Long-Term Ecological Research site in southern New Mexico, a 135 ha portion of a 1500 ha, internally drained, watershed was exclosed from grazing by domestic livestock. Prior to exclosure the watershed, as well as the rest of the Jornada basin, had been moderately to heavily grazed for the past 100 years.

Concurrent with grazing, the vegetation had undergone a dramatic change from desert grassland, with an almost continuous cover of C4 perennial grasses, to isolated patches of the original grassland in a mosaic with desert shrub dominated plant communities (Buffington and Herbel, 1965).  Three parallel transects (2.7 km in length) run from the middle of the College Playa up into the foot of Mt. Summerford. The Control transect is to the west, the Treatment transect is to the east side of the Control transect, and the Alternate Control is to the east of the Treatment transect. Each transect is 30 meters wide with a 45 meter buffer zone between each transect. The Treatment transect was treated annually until 1987 with NHNO3 in a concentration equal to 10g N/m2. The station markers occur at 30 meter intervals along each transect. Perpendicular to each transect and crossing at each station marker is the 30 meter plant line intercept transect. Biomass of annual and perennial forbs and grasses was obtained from a one meter quad selected at random just downslope from each of  6 5-meter segments of the 30 meter plant line transect located perpendicular to the transect station marker. Data presented here is for the control and treatment transects. This study is complete.

Data download: 

Description: 

Data file information for a study of effects of fertilization on vegetation biomass, 1989

LTER Core Area(s): 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

373

Data set ID: 

210373004

Date range: 

1986-11-11 to 1987-07-15

Original investigator: 

Walter G Whitford

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

Rabbit pellets were collected from 24 5x5m plots at approximately 1 month intervals. Dry weight by date and plot was recorded. Pellets were subsampled and analyzed for Total N. Plots are located along LTER-1 Control and Treatment transects in creosotebush (around station C62 and T61) and upper basin slope.

(See site description.) Plots are located along LTER-1 Control and Treatment transects in creosotebush (around station C62 and T61) and upper basin slope. (See site description.)

Data download: 

Description: 

Data file information for the following Jornada data set: Rabbit Pellet Total Nitrogen

LTER Core Area(s): 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

373

Data set ID: 

210373003

Date range: 

1986-11-11 to 1989-01-03

Original investigator: 

Walter G Whitford

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

Rabbit pellets were collected from 24 5x5m plots at approximately 1 month intervals. Dry weight by date and plot was recorded. Plots are located along LTER-1 Control and Treatment transects in creosotebush (around station C62 and T61) and upper basin slope

Rabbit pellets were collected from 24 5x5m plots at approximately 1 month intervals. Dry weight by date and plot was recorded. Plots are located along LTER-1 Control and Treatment transects in creosotebush (around station C62 and T61) and upper basin slope

Data download: 

Description: 

Data file information for the following Jornada data set: Rabbit Pellet Biomass

LTER Core Area(s): 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

373

Data set ID: 

210373001

Date range: 

1986-11-11 to 1989-01-03

Original investigator: 

Walter G Whitford

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

Rabbit browsed (=clipped) plant material found lying on the ground was collected from 24 5x5m plots at approximately 1 month intervals. Dry weight by species, date and plot was recorded. Material was subsampled and analyzed for Total N. Plots are located along LTER-1 Control and Treatment transects in creosotebush (around station C62 and T61) and upper basin slope. See site description.

Rabbit browsed (=clipped) plant material found lying on the ground was collected from 24 5x5m plots at approximately 1 month intervals. Dry weight by species, date and plot was recorded. Material was subsampled and analyzed for Total N. Plots are located along LTER-1 Control and Treatment transects in creosotebush (around station C62 and T61) and upper basin slope. See site description.

Data download: 

Description: 

Data file information for the following Jornada data set: Rabbit Browsed Plant Biomass

LTER Core Area(s): 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

11

Data set ID: 

210011003

Date range: 

1990-01-01 to 2015-12-31

Original investigator: 

Laura Huenneke

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

Summarizes mean aboveground net primary production, in g/m2/yr, by year for each of 15 sites. Annual totals derived by summing seasonal production values for winter (October - February), spring (February - May), and fall (May - October) increments for a single calendar year.

Please refer to these publications to evaluate the appropriateness of these data for your intended use prior to contacting Debra Peters, Responsible Investigator, with a data request.

Attention: These data are not appropriate for estimates of percentage cover. NPP-associated percent cover measurements were developed for and are used solely to provide the best estimate of biomass production. Becuase the methodology results in measurements of overlapping subcanopy systems and canopies of adjacent individuals, NPP percent cover measurements are not an appropriate measure of actual aerial plant cover. Doing so will result in inflated numbers for the "actual" vegetative cover.

Attention: Data through 2003 was replaced online per below on 9/22/2011. Analyses and results for ANPP differ from previous uses of the data from 1989-1998 (Huenneke et al., 2002) in three ways: (1) Yucca elata was removed prior to analysis because its growth form results in large errors in biomass estimates from year-to-year, (2) regressions between biomass and plant volume used an intercept equal to 0 to be consistent with a recent study in a similar system (Muldavin et al., 2008), and (3) reference harvests obtained in extreme years resulted in adjusted regression coefficents through time that reflect year-to-year variation in ANPP. These changes result in ANPP values that are smaller compared (Peters et al. submitted) with previous studies (Huenneke et al., 2002).

Data download: 

Description: 

LTER Core Area(s): 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

11

Data set ID: 

210011001

Date range: 

1989-05-09 to 2015-12-31

Original investigator: 

Laura Huenneke

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

These data sets contain calculated aboveground biomass values, by species, for each quadrat in each site for a given season. They are constructed (as outlined below) from the field data which are measurements of the physical dimensions (horizontal cover, vertical height) of plants or plant parts in the quadrats.

Objective is to monitor patterns (both temporal and spatial) of aboveground biomass across a range of ecosystem types; to allow the estimation of net primary production and its variability in those ecosystems; and to provide a quantitative description of plant community structure over time in those ecosystems.

Please refer to these publications to evaluate the appropriateness of these data for your intended use prior to contacting Debra Peters, Responsible Investigator, with a data request.

    Attention: These data are not appropriate for estimates of percentage 
    cover. NPP-associated percent cover measurements were developed for 
    and are used solely to provide the best estimate of biomass production. 
    Becuase the methodology results in measurements of overlapping subcanopy 
    systems and canopies of adjacent individuals, NPP percent cover 
    measurements are not an appropriate measure of actual aerial plant cover. 
    Doing so will result in inflated numbers for the "actual" vegetative cover. 
 
    Attention: Data through 2003 was replaced online per below on 9/22/2011. 
    Analyses and results for ANPP differ from previous uses of the data from 
    1989-1998 (Huenneke et al., 2002) in three ways: 
      (1) Yucca elata was removed prior to analysis because its growth form 
          results in large errors in biomass estimates from year-to-year, 
      (2) regressions between biomass and plant volume used an intercept equal 
          to 0 to be consistent with a recent study in a similar system 
          (Muldavin et al., 2008), and 
      (3) reference harvests obtained in extreme years resulted in adjusted 
          regression coefficents through time that reflect year-to-year variation 
          in ANPP. These changes result in ANPP values that are smaller compared 
          (Peters et al. submitted) with previous studies (Huenneke et al., 2002).

LTER Core Area(s): 

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