LTER I

Dataset: 

Data set ID: 

210128002

Date range: 

1983-12-05 to 2017-12-18

Original investigator: 

William H Schlesinger

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

Atmospheric deposition as found in dryfall (dust) and wetfall precipitation has been collected and analyzed since 1983 using an Aerochem Metrics wetfall/dryfall collector located at the Jornada LTER weather station north of Las Cruces, NM, USA.

Atmospheric deposition as found in dryfall (dust) and wetfall precipitation has been collected and analyzed since 1983 using an Aerochem Metrics wetfall/dryfall collector located at the Jornada LTER weather station north of Las Cruces, NM, USA. Wetfall occurring as precipitation is collected after each event with a sample size large enough to analyze. Each sample is analyzed for Br, Ca, Cl, F, HPO4, K, Mg, Na, NH4, NO3/NO2, SO4, Total N, and Total P. Analysis of Sr and Dissolved Organic Nitrogen was discontinued in 2003. Dryfall data are available as a separate data package.  

Data download: 

Description: 

Wetfall chemistry data

Wetfall chemistry data

LTER Core Area(s): 

Keywords: 

Dataset: 

Data set ID: 

210120001

Date range: 

1986-09-24 to 2015-11-02

Original investigator: 

Walter G Whitford

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

This ongoing data set contains percent canopy cover estimates of perennial plant species from transects that cross a grazed/ungrazed boundary fenceline of a single exclosure on the New Mexico State University Chihuahuan Desert Rangeland Research Center in Dona Ana County, New Mexico, USA.

This ongoing data set contains percent canopy cover estimates of perennial plant species from transects that cross a grazed/ungrazed boundary fenceline of a single exclosure on the New Mexico State University Chihuahuan Desert Rangeland Research Center in Dona Ana County, New Mexico, USA. In the spring of 1982, as part of the establishment of the Jornada Long-Term Ecological Research site in southern New Mexico, a 135 ha portion of a 1500 ha, internally drained, watershed was exclosed from grazing by domestic livestock. Prior to exclosure the watershed, as well as the rest of the Jornada basin, had been moderately to heavily grazed for the past 100 years. Concurrent with grazing, the vegetation had undergone a dramatic change from desert grassland, with an almost continuous cover of C4 perennial grasses, to isolated patches of the original grassland in a mosaic with desert shrub dominated plant communities (Buffington and Herbel, 1965). The exclosure lies along a northeast facing piedmont slope at the base of a steep isolated mountain peak, and covers a variety of component landforms from the foot of the mountain to the basin floor. This provided the opportunity to investigate the response of vegetation with respect to landscape characteristics as well as release from grazing. This summary data set consists of percent canopy cover of all perennial plant species from the plant line intercept measurements on either side of the LTER-I exclosure East and West boundary fence. Sampling occurs approximately every five years; it was last conducted in November 2015 and will take place again in 2020.  

Boxplots at canopy cover by form: https://jornada.nmsu.edu/sites/jornada.nmsu.edu/files/files/data/Canopy_cover_boxplots_1.jpg

Location on EDI: https://portal.edirepository.org/nis/metadataviewer?packageid=knb-lter-jrn.210120001

Data download: 

Description: 

Perennial species canopy cover across grazed/ungrazed boundary fencelines

LTER Core Area(s): 

Keywords: 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

328

Data set ID: 

210328001

Date range: 

2009-10-01 to 2014-10-01

Original investigator: 

Laureano Gherardi

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

This ongoing dataset contains annual aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP) data from a study at the Jornada Experimental Range (JER) in southern New Mexico. The study was designed to assess the effect of interannual variability in precipitation on average aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP) in Chihuahuan Desert grasslands.

The study began in 2009, has five precipitation treatments (see Methods) and contains 50 plots (10 per treatment). This data package contains 6-year (2009 to 2014) means of ANPP per plot. Annual and more recent data are available and will be released pending an upcoming publication.

Figure of 6-year ANPP by plant functional group: https://jornada.nmsu.edu/sites/jornada.nmsu.edu/files/files/data/ANPP_figure.jpg

Location of dataset on EDI: https://portal.edirepository.org/nis/metadataviewer?packageid=knb-lter-jrn.210328001.1

Data download: 

Description: 

Aboveground Net Primary Productivity from interannual precipitation variability study

Aboveground Net Primary Productivity from interannual precipitation variability study

LTER Core Area(s): 

Keywords: 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

328

Data set ID: 

210328003

Date range: 

2011-07-12 to 2013-12-13

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

This completed dataset contains soil moisture data from a study at the Jornada Experimental Range (JER) in southern New Mexico. The study was designed to assess the effect of interannual variability in precipitation on average aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP) in Chihuahuan Desert grasslands. The study began in 2009 and has five precipitation treatments (see Methods).

While the study began in 2009, contains 50 plots (10 per treatment) and is ongoing, these data were only collected from July 2011 to December 2013 in a subset of 20 plots (4 per treatment). This dataset is intended to provide information about the amount of water in the top 30 cm of soil as well as verify that experimental precipitation manipulations are effective. Figure of soil moisture by precipitation treatment: https://jornada.nmsu.edu/sites/jornada.nmsu.edu/files/files/data/soil_moisture_figure.jpg Metadata and data on EDI: https://portal.edirepository.org/nis/mapbrowse?scope=knb-lter-jrn&identifier=210328003

Data download: 

Description: 

soil moisture and precipitation data from interannual precipitation variability study

soil moisture and precipitation data from interannual precipitation variability study

Keywords: 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

394

Data set ID: 

210394008

Date range: 

1986-10-01 to 1986-10-30

Original investigator: 

Ross Virginia

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

**The objective of the present research was to determine whether there have been changes in the structure and function of the surface (0-20cm) soil system, the zone most affected by litter decomposition, which is associated with the rapid movement of mesquite from historical habitats (arroyo and playa fringe) into recent habitats (grassland and dunes).

We hypothesized that the soil biotic communities would be poorly developed in the recent mesquite habitats because of lower soil C and nutrient concentrations. As a result of these differences we predicted lower rates of net N mineralization in the soils from recent mesquite habitats. Data set contains analyses for gravimetric soil moisture, pH, phosphate, total Kjeldahl nitrogen, total phosphorus, NO3-N nitrogen mineralization, total inorganic nitrogen, NH4-N nitrogen mineralization, organic carbon, inorganic carbon, total roots, tap roots, intermediate roots, and fine roots.

Data download: 

Description: 

Data file information for the following Jornada data set: Surface Soil Nutrients

LTER Core Area(s): 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

119

Data set ID: 

210119001

Date range: 

1982-03-12 to 2014-09-10

Original investigator: 

Gary Cunningham

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

Average percent coverage of each plant species per 5-meter segment along a 30-meter line intercept perpendicular to each of 91 stations on each of the three LTER-I permanent transects. Data consists of week number, transect, station number, species, carbon reduction pathway, habit, form, and average percent cover. It is sorted by transect, station number, then plant species.

Measurements are made on 30-meter line intercept transects located perpendicular to each of 91 stations on each of the 2.7 km long Control, Treatment, and Alternate Control Transects established at the beginning of LTER-I. Following January 1, 1987, spring line- intercepts will only record cover of annual species. All perennial cover data will be limited to fall samples. Both annuals and perennials are measured during the fall. Measurements were made biannually from 1982 - 1988. After this they are measured every 5 years. Annuals are measured through 1998; however, after this only perennials are measured and only in the fall. Each plant line transect is divided into 6 5-meter segments. Annuals are measured only in the first meter of segments 1, 2, and 3 and in the last meter of segments 4, 5, and 6. Perennials are measured for the full length of all segments. BACKGROUND. In the spring of 1982, as part of the establishment of the Jornada Long-Term Ecological Research site in southern New Mexico, a 135 ha portion of a 1500 ha, internally drained, watershed was exclosed from grazing by domestic livestock. Prior to exclosure the watershed, as well as the rest of the Jornada basin, had been moderately to heavily grazed for the past 100 years. Concurrent with grazing, the vegetation had undergone a dramatic change from desert grassland, with an almost continuous cover of C4 perennial grasses, to isolated patches of the original grassland in a mosaic with desert shrub dominated plant communities (Buffington and Herbel, 1965). The exclosure lies along a northeast facing piedmont slope at the base of a steep isolated mountain peak, and covers a variety of component landforms from the foot of the mountain to the basin floor. This provided the opportunity to investigate the response of vegetation with respect to landscape characteristics as well as release from grazing.

Data download: 

Description: 

Data file information for the following Jornada data set: Transect plant line intercepts - percent cover by species

LTER Core Area(s): 

Keywords: 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

394

Data set ID: 

210394009

Date range: 

1986-10-01

Original investigator: 

Ross Virginia

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

Soils were sampled under Prosopis at four sites and under Larrea at one site on the Jornada Desert Site on October 1, 1986. Samples were taken from two depths (0-15cm, 15-30cm) for three canopy positions and one interzone position for each tree or shrub. Four trees or shrubs were sampled at each site.

The soils were analyzed for Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN), and inorganic N-- nitrate-N and ammonium-N.

Data download: 

Description: 

Data file information for the following Jornada data set: Surface Soil Canopy Position Nutrients

LTER Core Area(s): 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

394

Data set ID: 

210394001

Date range: 

1986-01-20 to 1986-10-13

Original investigator: 

Ross Virginia

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

**We addressed the question, are microarthropod assemblages present in soils throughout the rhizosphere of a deep-rooted desert plant? If microarthropods are present, what is the taxonomic and functional structure of that assemblage?

The presence of a generalist microarthropod assemblage would suggest functional relationships among deep soil biota similar to the relationships documented in shallow soils. Data set consists of microarthropods and microarthropod numbers found at different soil depths associated with four mesquite ecosystems (playa, coppice dune, arroyo, and grassland).

Data download: 

Description: 

Data file information for the following Jornada data set: Deep Soil Microarthropods

LTER Core Area(s): 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

394

Data set ID: 

210394002

Date range: 

1986-01-01 to 1986-09-30

Original investigator: 

Ross Virginia

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

Soil cores were collected under mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa) trees at playa, wash, sand dune, and grassland sites on the Jornada LTER site to depths of 15, 9, 7, and 4 m. Soil cores (to 4 m) were also taken under creosote bush (Larrea tridentata) near the wash site. Soils were extracted and analyzed for micronutrients, Zn, Cu, Fe, and Mn.

Soil cores were collected under mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa) trees at playa, wash, sand dune, and grassland sites on the Jornada LTER site to depths of 15, 9, 7, and 4 m. Soil cores (to 4 m) were also taken under creosote bush (Larrea tridentata) near the wash site. Soils were extracted and analyzed for micronutrients, Zn, Cu, Fe, and Mn.

Data download: 

Description: 

Data file information for the following Jornada data set: Deep soil core micronutrients

LTER Core Area(s): 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

394

Data set ID: 

210394003

Date range: 

1986-01-01 to 1986-01-30

Original investigator: 

Ross Virginia

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

Soil cores collected under mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa) trees at several sites and under Larrea at one site at the Jornada LTER were incubated to determine the N-mineralization potential.

Soil cores collected under mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa) trees at several sites and under Larrea at one site at the Jornada LTER were incubated to determine the N-mineralization potential.

Data download: 

File Download mcnmp.dat (16.92 KB)

Description: 

Data file information for the following Jornada data set: Deep Soil Cores N-Mineralization

LTER Core Area(s): 

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