completed

Data set status is completed, indicating that data is no longer being collected

Dataset: 

Study number: 

372

Data set ID: 

210372001

Abstract: 

*Changes in microarthropod assemblages were monitored in six types of decomposing surface leaf-litter confined in mesh bags and set across a Chihuahuan Desert watershed for 17 months. The following hypotheses were tested: 1) microarthropod density and diversity are higher in soils with maximum surface litter accumulation, and 2) temporal patterns of density and diversity are more dependent on seasonal factors and physical disturbances than on the decompositional stage of the litter.

Data sources: 

data_JornadaStudy_372_transect_leaf_litter_microarthropod

LTER Core Area(s): 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

3

Data set ID: 

210003001

Abstract: 

Precipitation is recorded weekly at each of the 91 sampling stations located 30m apart along the LTER-I Control Transect from a direct- reading rain-gauge attached to the west cross-arm of the station marker.

Data sources: 

data_JornadaStudy_003_transect_precipitation_direct_reading_raingauge_weekly

LTER Core Area(s): 

Keywords: 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

10

Data set ID: 

210010001

Abstract: 

 

Termites are important to litter decomposition and nutrient cycling in desert grasslands. The annual feeding activity on paper baits of subterranean termites in desertified (degraded-shrub dominated ecosystems) and relatively undegraded black-grama (Bouteloua eriopoda) grasslands was measured over six years on 12 sites on the Jornada Basin. Toilet paper roll termite baits were placed on grids on each consumer plot. Data include initial bait weights and bait weights after baits had been retrieved from the field once each year. Weight loss was calculated as a measure of termite foraging activity. This study is complete.

Data sources: 

data_JornadaStudy_010_npp_termite_bait

LTER Core Area(s): 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

86

Data set ID: 

210086008

Abstract: 

Termites are important detritivores in Chihuahuan Desert ecosystems and appear to have key roles in plant litter decomposition and nutrient cycling and in altering soil structure and hydrologic processes. These data were collected in conjunction with a study using exclosures to test the effects of rodents on vegetation and abiotic factors, established at each of the Sevilleta, Jornada and Mapimi research locations. At the Jornada, the effects of cattle were also measured using an additional exclosure. Three replicate experimental blocks of plots are randomly located at each study site to measure vegetation responses to the exclusion of rodents, and lagomorphs, and cattle. Due to their role in processing of plant matter, data on grasshoppers and termites was also collected at the Jornada. Each study site is 1 km by 0.5 km in area. A grid of 36 sampling points are positioned at 5.8-meter intervals on a systematically located 6 by 6 point grid within each plot. A permanent one-meter by one-meter vegetation measurement quadrat is located at each of the 36 points. A tape measure was used to measure the length, diameter, and height, for each occurrence of a termite casing in units of one centimeter. This study is complete.

Data sources: 

data_JornadaStudy_086_smes_termite_casing

LTER Core Area(s): 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

398

Data set ID: 

210398002

Abstract: 

Soil nutrient distribution in NPP quads in the Mesquite, Grassland, Playa, Creosotebush, and Tarbush plant communities sampled at 3 spatial scales of grids. Soils were sampled from the NPP (biomass plots). Each of the five vegetation types (mesquite, grassland, playa, creosote, tarbush) had three sites (with low, medium, and high production levels). At 14 of 15 sites a grid of 70 by 70 meters was set out. Within this 49 plots of 10 by 10 meters were placed and labeled (numbered) in serpentine design. At the 15th site, Playa College, 48 plots of 10 by 10 meters were laid out in three long rows of 16 plots per row. At all sites the soil sample of 0-10 cm depth was taken 1 meter from the NE marker bar at a diagonal (heading toward the SW marker). 70m x 70m layout of NPP quads where 1 is in NE corner. 43 42 29 28 15 14 1 44 41 30 27 16 13 2 45 40 31 26 17 12 3 46 39 32 25 18 11 4 47 38 33 24 19 10 5 48 37 34 23 20 9 6 49 36 35 22 21 8 7 160m x 30m layout of P-COLL NPP quads where 1 is in NE corner. 33 32 1 34 31 2 35 30 3 36 29 4 37 28 5 38 27 6 39 26 7 40 25 8 41 24 9 42 23 10 43 22 11 44 21 12 45 20 13 46 19 14 47 18 15 48 17 16 At one of each of the five vegetation types another set of 49 soils (#101-149) was taken from within one of the 10 by 10 meter plots. Using a 7 by 7 meter grid (bounded by the southern east-west boundary line and the western north-south boundary line[#149 is in the SW corner]) soils were sampled 1 meter apart using a serpentine design. 7m x 7m layout within single 10m x 10m NPP plot. 143 142 129 128 115 114 101 144 141 130 127 116 113 102 145 140 131 126 117 112 103 146 139 132 125 118 111 104 147 138 133 124 119 110 105 148 137 134 123 120 109 106 149 136 135 122 121 108 107

Data sources: 

data_JornadaStudy_398_npp_soil_nutrient_distribution_1991

LTER Core Area(s): 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

398

Data set ID: 

210398001

Abstract: 

Soil nutrient distribution beneath and between plant canopies in the Mesquite, Grassland, Playa, Creosotebush, and Tarbush plant communities. The LTER plant biomass plots was sampled in June 1989. A total of 750 soil samples were collected from 5 depths (0- 10, 10-20, 20-40, 40-60, 60-100 cm), 2 locations (under and between shrubs), within 5 vegetation zones (Mesquite, Grassland, Playa, Creosotebush, Tarbush), 3 sites per zone (site with low, medium, and high biomass, ranked based on FALL-89 biomass), and 5 directions per site (in buffer zone just outside of NPP plots N, S, E, W, and in the center of NPP plots C). Samples were analyzed for pH, CaCO3, NaHCO3- extractable P, KCl-extractable NH4 and NO3, total kjeldahl N, Saturation extrac cations, and DTPA-extractable micronutrients.

Data sources: 

data_JornadaStudy_398_npp_soil_nutrient_distribution_1989

LTER Core Area(s): 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

86

Data set ID: 

210086003

Abstract: 

A creosotebush shrub study site and a black grama grassland study site have been established at each of the Sevilleta, Jornada and Mapimi research locations. Each study site is 1 km by 0.5 km in area. Three replicate experimental blocks of plots are randomly located at each study site to measure vegetation responses to the exclusion of small mammals, including rodents and lagomorphs. This dataset is for the Jornada Experimental Range, which also contains a cattle exclosure.  A grid of 36 sampling points are positioned at 5.8-meter intervals on a systematically located 6 by 6 point grid within each plot. A permanent one-meter by one-meter vegetation measurement quadrat is located at each of the 36 points. The percent of a quad covered in cryptograms was estimated by determining the percent of each 10 cm square within a quad containing cryptogams (See methods for a detailed explanation). Cryptogams include lichens, algae, and moss. This study is complete.

Data sources: 

data_JornadaStudy_086_smes_cryptogam_crust

LTER Core Area(s): 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

13

Data set ID: 

210013002

Abstract: 

        NOTE: 1. This dataset should only be used as a reference from this 
                         point forward (12/14/2071).
                    2. This dataset has been replaced by the NPP Soil Volumetric 
                        Water Content dataset 
                        (https://jornada.nmsu.edu/content/soil-volumetric-water-content-15-npp-sites-jornada-basin-lter-1989).
                        which contains the recalculated VWC values in addition to the 
                        adjusted raw count data from the hydroprobe.

Once a month soil water content measurements are made at 10 depths (where possible) at each of 10 access tubes at each of the 15 LTER-II sites using a neutron probe (Campbell Model 503DR Hydroprobe). Measurements are taken at 30cm, 60cm, 90cm, 120cm, 150cm, 180cm, 210cm, 240cm, 270cm, and 300cm when possible or to the greatest depth it was possible to install the access tubing before hitting impenetrable caliche. If fewer depths were measured, the missing depths have a zero in the raw data set of count values. These are changed to "." in converted water content data set. Calculated water content values equal to less than zero are changed to zero in converted water content data set. Converted water content values are a volume/volume relationship and represent cm3 water/cm3 soil. Data from neutron probe data logger is dumped to disk. Raw count data is then converted to water content using a Fortran program called WC2.FOR (water content for LTER-II). Water content data is then sorted by i.d. number using a LOTUS 123 macro found in WC2_SORT.WQ1 which creates final version of water content data set for the month in a separate file. Two files per month are saved: raw count data (mmddyy-2.RAW; ex. 121189-2.RAW where -2 indicates LTER-II NPP site neutron probe readings) and calculated/ sorted soil water content data appended to data file containing that year's data (NPPSWCyy.DAT; example NPPSWC89.DAT contains NPP soil water content data for 1989). Regression equation was derived by Mahlia Nash, and after datalogger upgrade was added to hydroprobe, by David Hudson, both working for Dr. Peter Wierenga (as of 1994 at university at Tucson (Hudson's phone # is 602-621-3236). See PROBE.HIS file for probe history and regressions used for different data periods when different probes were used. The hydroprobe used whenever possible is Hydroprobe Model CPN503DR (Campbell Pacific Nuclear, Pacheco, CA) with data logger. This probe has a 50mCi241 Am-Be source and a hydrogen detector. Neutrons encountering hydrogen become thermalized. The detector totals returning thermalized neutrons over a 16 second sample time which is the raw count value displayed. The raw count value is then substituted into the proper regression equation for cm3 of water per cm3 of soil.

Data sources: 

data_JornadaStudy_013_npp_soil_water_content

LTER Core Area(s): 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

13

Data set ID: 

210013001

Abstract: 

        NOTE: 1. This dataset should only be used as a reference from this 
                         point forward (12/14/2071).
                    2. This dataset has been replaced by the NPP Soil Volumetric 
                        Water Content dataset 
                        (https://jornada.nmsu.edu/content/soil-volumetric-water-content-15-npp-sites-jornada-basin-lter-1989).
                        which contains the recalculated VWC values in addition to the 
                        adjusted raw count data from the hydroprobe.

Once a month soil water content measurements are made at 10 depths (where possible) at each of 10 access tubes at each of the 15 LTER-II sites using a neutron probe (Campbell Model 503DR Hydroprobe). Measurements are taken at 30cm, 60cm, 90cm, 120cm, 150cm, 180cm, 210cm, 240cm, 270cm, and 300cm when possible or to the greatest depth it was possible to install the access tubing before hitting impenetrable caliche. If fewer depths were measured, the missing depths have a zero in the raw data set of count values. These are changed to \\".\\" in converted water content data set. Calculated water content values equal to less than zero are changed to zero in converted water content data set. Converted water content values are a volume/volume relationship and represent cm3 water/cm3 soil. The hydroprobe currently used is Hydroprobe Model CPN503DR (Campbell Pacific Nuclear, Pacheco, CA) with data logger. This probe has a 50mCi241 Am-Be source and a 3He detector. Neutrons encountering hydrogen become thermalized. The detector totals the returning thermalized neutrons over a 16 second sample time which is the raw count value displayed. The raw count value is then substituted into the proper regression equation for cm3 of water per cm3 of soil. Data from neutron probe data logger is dumped to disk. Raw count data is then converted to water content. Two files per month are saved: raw count data (mmddyy-2.RAW; ex. 121189-2.RAW where -2 indicates LTER-II NPP site neutron probe readings) and calculated/sorted soil water content data appended to data file containing that year's data (NPPSWCyy.DAT; example NPPSWC89.DAT contains NPP soil water content data for 1989). See PROBE.HIS file for probe history and regressions used for different data periods when different probes were used.

Data sources: 

data_JornadaStudy_013_npp_soil_water_content_raw

LTER Core Area(s): 

Dataset: 

Study number: 

86

Data set ID: 

210086001

Abstract: 

This is data for perennial plant vegetation canopy cover measured from all SMES study plots, fall 1995. The purpose of this data is to provide ground-truth data for comparison with low-level aerial photographs of each study plot. Three, 29 meter lines were measured along three of six rows of the permanent vegetation measurement quadrats. Each line was measured at 10cm resolution for intercepts of perennial plant live canopy cover, and for bare ground. 10cm resolution is comparable to the resolution of the aerial photos. All plants were identified to the species level. These line-intercept measurements are taken once every ten years, at the same time that low-level aerial photographs are taken. These data will be compared to both decadal air photos, and annual measures of vegetation from one-meter2 quadrats on each plot to provide information on vegetation change over time relative to the various animal exclosure treatments.

Data sources: 

data_JornadaStudy_086_smes_plant_cover_line

LTER Core Area(s): 

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - completed