Data set status is completed, indicating that data is no longer being collected
Soil temperature data was acquired using a mechanical chart recorder of soil temperatures with thermistors at 5 cm and 20 cm soil depths at a site approximately 20 feet west of the Upper Trailer on the Jornada.
Soil water potential recorded on data sheets for psychrometers along treatment and control transects every 5 stations at 5cm, 15cm and 30cm depths. Soil temperatures at these depths and calibration slope and intercept for each psychrometer are included in order to convert microvolt readings to -bar readings.
Data set includes bi-weekly records of number of termites observed within and beneath each of 4 rolls of toilet paper placed at each of 91 stations on treatment and control transects. Observations of presence of termite activity at each roll (paper eaten, cartons constructed) are also included.
Levels of basic cations (Ca, Mg, Na, K) extractable in 1N ammonium acetate (NH4Ac) from soils collected at stations C01 through C90 along the LTER-I Control transect.
PO4-P levels in CaCl2 and NaHCO3 extracts of soils collected at each station along transect. Moisture content of soil samples is also included. No soil samples were collected along the fertilized (treated transect) in January 1985; January 1986 data contains both fertilized (treated) and control transect samples.
Variation in the soil from place to place is a fact of nature and is substantial. It is a major source of uncertainty in soil survey and causes many of the difficulties of applying mathematics to the study of soil. Soil variability within small areas can be studied by using a straight line (transect) laid over a tract of known distance and can be sampled and observed equidistantly. Line transects give an indication of both the local and the general variation. The technique, however, may depend strongly on direction of the transect. Soil along the LTER I Control transect was sampled at 30 meter intervals from station C01 through C89. Soil characteristics were measured at 4 depths (30, 60, 90, and 120 cm) for the percent composition of clay, silt, sand, very coarse sand, coarse sand, medium sand, fine sand, very fine sand, calcium carbonate, organic carbon and coarse fragments greater than 2mm.
Total nitrogen in soil was determined on control and treatment (fertilized) transects by Kjeldahl digestion.
NO3 + NO2-N and NH4-N levels of soil samples collected at each station along transect. Moisture content of soil samples is also included.
*We designed a study to examine the long-term spatial and temporal patterns of mass loss, changes in nitrogen content and chemical composition during decomposition of roots in a desert watershed. Because nitrogen availability has been hypothesized to affect decomposition rates of buried litter in deserts, we studied decomposition of roots along a transect on a desert watershed that had been fertilized with ammonium nitrate and compared these results with the decomposition of roots along a transect that had not been fertilized.