Jornada Basin LTER Research

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Dataset: Transect Soil Phosphate


   Download data: File phosphat.dat
   File description including attribute definitions: data_JornadaStudy_400_transect_soil_phosphate
   Original Investigator: Peter Wierenga
   Data contact: John Anderson
   Duration: 1985 - 1986
   Dataset ID: 210400002
   Abstract:

PO4-P levels in CaCl2 and NaHCO3 extracts of soils collected at each station along transect. Moisture content of soil samples is also included. No soil samples were collected along the fertilized (treated transect) in January 1985; January 1986 data contains both fertilized (treated) and control transect samples.


   Additional information:

In the spring of 1982, as part of the establishment of the Jornada Long-Term Ecological Research site in southern New Mexico, a 135 ha portion of a 1500 ha, internally drained, watershed was exclosed from grazing by domestic livestock. Prior to exclosure the watershed, as well as the rest of the Jornada basin, had been moderately to heavily grazed for the past 100 years. Concurrent with grazing, the vegetation had undergone a dramatic change from desert grassland, with an almost continuous cover of C4 perennial grasses, to isolated patches of the original grassland in a mosaic with desert shrub dominated plant communities (Buffington and Herbel, 1965). The exclosure lies along a northeast facing piedmont slope at the base of a steep isolated mountain peak, and covers a variety of component landforms from the foot of the mountain to the basin floor. The northeast side of the exclosure is immediately upslope of the College Playa located near the NMSU College Ranch Headquarters Three parallel transects (2.7 km in length) run from the middle of the College Playa up into the foot of Mt. Summerford. The Control transect is to the west, the Treatment transect on the east side of the Control transect, and the Alternate Control to the east of the Treatment transect. Each transect is 30 meters wide with a 45 meter buffer zone between each transect. The Treatment transect was treated annually until 1987 with NHNO3 in a concentration equal to 10g N/m2. The station markers at 30 meter intervals along each transect.

   Methods:

Electronic data forms

   Methods:

Samples are collected near each station on alternate sides of the transect. Distances from the station and from the control transect are designated prior to collection. Soil samples are collected from 0-10cm after removing surface litter. Soils are oven-dried at 50 degrees Celcius. Samples are extracted in a 10:1 ratio of standing 0.5 M NaHCO3 and in a 5:1 ratio of standing 0.01 M CaCl2 for 24 hours. PO4-P is measured in both extracts using an automated version of the Molybdenum blue-ascorbic acid method described by Watanabe and Olsen (1965). The NaHCO3 extracts are color-corrected by running the analysis without ascorbic acid (Watanabe and Olsen 1965).

   Maintenance:

Two times (January 1985-1986)