Jornada Basin LTER Research

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Dataset: Soil Nematodes


   Download data: File irrnem.dat
   File description including attribute definitions: data_JornadaStudy_386_mesquite_phenology_nematode
   Original Investigator: Ross Virginia
   Data contact: John Anderson
   Duration: 1988 - 1988
   Dataset ID: 210386002
   Abstract:

Soil samples were collected from mesquite dune site, and analyzed for nutrient content in the plant, N-mineralization potential, rhizobium counts, and nematode counts.


   Additional information:

Soil cores were collected under mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa) trees at the dune site on the Jornada LTER site located in the northern Chihuahuan Desert near Las Cruces, New Mexico. Precipitation is 230mm/yr, with half occurring during the summer. The vegetation is coppice mesquite dunes (30% cover) with scattered shrubs of saltbush and snakeweed.

   Methods:

Field and electronic data sheets

   Methods:

Five mesquite dunes were irrigated by pumping water from storage tank located 200 m from the site. Water was applied to the dunes with an overhead sprinkler (later replaced by a drip irrigation system to minimize wind drift) located at the apex of each dune. Irrigation began in March with approximately 2.5 cm applied 2-3 times/week for 6 weeks to initially wet the dry soil. Thereafter high water availability was maintained by weekly irrigation. Five nonirrigated dunes served as control. Soil samples were collected (hand augered) under mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa) trees at sand dune site on the Jornada LTER site to three depths, 0-50 and 50-100, and 100-150cm. Soil samples were placed in plastic bags, tied, and stored in portable coolers. These samples were later divided into subsamples for nematode investigations. Nematodes were recovered using semi-automatic elutriator with sugar flotation-sieving (Byrd et al. 1976), and Baerman Funnel Technique (Freckman and Virginia 1989). Nematodes were counted and separated into trophic groups (Freckman et al. 1987, Freckman and Baldwin 1990).

   Maintenance:

four times