Jornada Bibliography

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Whitford WG, Parker LW.  1989.  Contributions of soil fauna to decomposition and mineralization processes in semiarid and arid ecosystems. Arid Soil Research and Rehabilitation. 3:199-215.
Whitford WG.  1978.  Foraging in seed-harvester ants, Pogonomyrmex spp. Ecology. 59:185-189.
Whitford WG.  1997.  Desertification and animal biodiversity in the desert grasslands of North America. Journal of Arid Environments. 37:709-720.
Whitford WG, Y. S.  2020.  Herbivory Effects on Ephedra spp. in the Chihuahuan Desert. 10(2):37-44.
Whitford WG, Aldon EF, Freckman DW, Steinberger Y, Parker LW.  1989.  Effects of organic amendments on soil biota on a degraded rangeland. Journal of Range Management. 42:56-60.
Whitford WG, Steinberger Y..  2012.  Effects of seasonal grazing, drought, fire, and carbon enrichment on soil icroarthropods in a desert grassland. Journal of Arid Environments. 83:10-14.
Whitford WG, Dick-Peddie S, Walters D, Ludwig JA.  1978.  Effects of shrub defoliation on grass cover and rodent species in Chihuahuan Desert ecosystem. Journal of Arid Environments. 1:237-242.
Whitford WG.  1972.  Intensity of foraging activity as a function of temperature, humidity, light, food availability, and soil moisture in a desert ecosystem. US/IBP Desert Biome.
Whitford WG, Ginzburg O, Berg N, Steinberger Y.  2012.  Do long-lived ants affect soil microbial communities? Biology and Fertility of Soils. 48:227-233.
Whitford WG, DePree DJ, Johnson, Jr. RK.  1978.  The effects of twig girdlers (Cerambycidae) and node borers (Bostrichidae) on primary production in mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa). Journal of Arid Environments. 1:345-350.
Whitford WG.  1972.  Jornada validation site report. US/IBP Desert Biome.
Whitford WG, F. Creusere M.  1977.  Seasonal and yearly fluctuations in Chihuahuan Desert lizard communities. Herpetologica. 33:54-65.
Whitford WG.  1996.  The importance of the biodiversity of soil biota in arid ecosystems. Biodiversity and Conservation. 5:185-195.
Whitford WG, Ettershank G..  1972.  Demography and role of herbivorous ants in a desert ecosystem as functions of vegetation, soil and climate variables. US/IBP Desert Biome.
Whitford WG, Herrick JE.  1996.  Maintaining soil processes for plant productivity and community dynamics. Proceedings of the Vth International Rangeland Congress. II:33-37.
Whitford WG, Freckman D.W, Santos P.F, Elkins N.Z, Parker L.W.  1982.  The role of nematodes in decomposition in desert ecosystems. Nematodes in Ecosystems. :98-117.
Whitford WG, Repass R, Parker LW, Elkins NZ.  1982.  Effects of initial litter accumulation and climate on litter disappearance in a desert ecosystem. The American Midland Naturalist. 108:105-110.
Whitford WG.  2002.  Ecology of Desert Systems.
Whitford WG, Steinberger Y.  2011.  Effects of simulated storm sizes and nitrogen on three Chihuahuan Desert perennial herbs and a grass. Journal of Arid Environments. 75:861-864.
Whitford WG, Kay CAnn, Schumacher AM.  1976.  Water loss in Chihuahuan Desert ants. Physiological Zoology. 48:390-397.
Whitford WG, Steinberger Y., Ettershank G.  1982.  Contributions of subterranean termites to the 'economy' of Chihuahuan desert ecosystems. Oecologia (Berlin). 55:298-302.
Whitford WG.  2002.  Ants. Encyclopedia of Soil Science. :76-79.
Whitford WG.  1976.  Temporal fluctuations in density and diversity of desert rodent populations. Journal of Mammalogy. 57:351-369.
Whitford WG, Gutierrez JR.  1989.  Effects of water and nitrogen supplementation on phenology, plant size, tissue nitrogen, and seed yield of Chihuahuan Desert annual plants. The Southwestern Naturalist. 34:546-549.
Whitford WG, Steinberger Y..  2010.  Pack rats (Neotoma spp.): Keystone ecological engineers? Journal of Arid Environments. 74:1450-1455.
Whitford WG, Johnson P, Ramirez J.  1976.  Comparative ecology of the harvester ants Pogonomyrmex barbatus (F. Smith) and Pogonomyrmex rugosus (Emery). Insectes Sociaux. 23:117-132.
Whitford WG, DiMarco R..  1995.  Variability in soils and vegetation associated with harvester ant (Pogonomyrmex rugosus) nests on a Chihuahuan Desert watershed. Biology and Fertility of Soils. 20:169-173.
Whitford WG, Meentemeyer V., Seastedt T.R, Cromack, Jr. K., Crossley, Jr. D.A, Santos P., Todd R.L, Waide J.B.  1981.  Exceptions to the AET model: deserts and clear-cut forest. Ecology. 62:275-277.
Whitford WG.  1971.  Jornada validation site report. US/IBP Desert Biome.
Whitford WG.  1989.  Abiotic controls on the functional structure of soil food webs. Biology and Fertility of Soils. 8:1-6.
Whitford WG, Steinberger Y.  2010.  Herbivore-plant interactions and desertification in arid lands. All Flesh is Grass. :239-256.
Whitford WG, Meltzer KH.  1976.  Changes in O2 consumption, body water and lipid in burrowed desert juvenile anurans. Herpetologica. 32:23-25.
Whitford WG.  1995.  Desertification: Implications and limitations of the ecosystem health metaphor. NATO ASI Series. I(28):273-292.
Whitford WG, Freckman DW, Elkins NZ, Parker LW, Parmalee R, Phillips J, Tucker S.  1981.  Diurnal migration and responses to simulated rainfall in desert soil microarthropods and nematodes. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 13:417-425.
Whitford WG, Conley MI.  1971.  Oxygen consumption and water metabolism in a carnivorous mouse. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. 40A:797-803.
Whitford WG, Martinez-Meza E., de Soyza A..  1995.  Morphological variation in creosotebush, Larrea tridentata: effects on ecosystem properties. Proceedings: symposium on shrubland ecosystem dynamics in a changing environment. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-338:195-198.
Whitford WG, Gentry J.B.  1981.  Ant communities of southeastern longleaf pine plantations. Environmental Entomology. 10:183-185.
Whitford WG.  2001.  Invertebrates: Their effects on the properties and processes of desert ecosystems. Ecology of Desert Environments. :333-356.
Whitford WG, Stinnet K., Steinberger Y..  1988.  Effects of rainfall supplementation on microarthropods on decomposing roots in the Chihuahuan Desert. Pedobiologia. 31:147-155.
Whitford WG, Johnson R.K, DePree D.J.  1975.  US/IBP Desert Biome Research Memorandum 72-26. :15-21pp..
Whitford WG, Martinez-Turanzas G., Martinez-Meza E..  1995.  Persistence of desertified ecosystems: explanations and implications. Environmental Monitoring Assessment. 37:319-332.
Whitford WG, DePree DJ, Hamilton P, Ettershank G.  1981.  Foraging ecology of seed-harvesting ants, Pheidole spp in a Chihuahuan Desert ecosystem. The American Midland Naturalist. 105:159-167.
Whitford WG, Nielson R., de Soyza A..  2001.  Establishment and effects of establishment of creosotebush, Larrea tridentata, on a Chihuahuan Desert watershed. Journal of Arid Environments. 47:1-10.
Whitford WG, Stinnett K., Anderson JP.  1988.  Decomposition of roots in a Chihuahuan Desert ecosystem. Oecologia. 75:8-11.
Whitford WG, Steinberger Y..  2009.  Harvester ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) discriminate among artificial seeds with different protein contents. Sociobiology. 53:549-558.
Whitford WG, Johnson R.K, DePree D.J.  1975.  Studies on wood borers, girdlers, and seed predators of mesquite. US/IBP Desert Biome. :15-21.
Whitford WG, Forbes GS, Kerley GI.  1995.  Diversity, spatial variability, and functional roles of invertebrates in desert grassland ecosystems. The Desert Grassland. :152-195.
Whitford WG.  1988.  Decomposition and nutrient cycling in disturbed arid ecosystems. The Reconstruction of Disturbed Arid Lands. :136-161.
Whitford WG.  1975.  The impact of consumers in a desert ecosystem. US/IBP Desert Biome.
Whitford WG, Martinez-Turanzas G, Martinez-Meza E.  1995.  Persistence of desertified ecosystems: Explanations and implications. Desertification in developed countries. Reprinted from Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Volume 37, Nos. 1-3, 1995:319-332.