Tolerance to nitrogenous explosives and metabolism of TNT by cell suspensions of <i>datura innoxia</i>

TitleTolerance to nitrogenous explosives and metabolism of TNT by cell suspensions of datura innoxia
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsLucero M.E., Mueller W., Hubstenberger J., Phillips G.C., O'Connell M.A.
JournalIn Vitro Plant
Date PublishedNovember 1, 1999
ARIS Log Number130922
Keywordsbioremediation, biotransformation, nitroaromatics, phytoremediation

Cell suspension cultures of Datura innoxia were incubated in the presence of the nitro-substituted explosives 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), 1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX), and 1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetraazocyclooctane (HMX). Cellular tolerance levels and TNT biotransformation kinetics were examined. Tolerance to TNT varied as cell suspensions aged. Concentrations of RDX or HMX in excess of reported solubility limits produced no observable changes in cell viability. GC/MS analysis of TNT-treated cell media and cell lysates revealed rapid removal of TNT. Within 12 h, less than 1% of the initial TNT remained in the growth medium. Aminodinitrotoluenes (ADNTs), known metabolites of TNT, accumulated transiently in cell lysates, and to a lesser extent in cell media. ADNT concentrations started to decrease after 3 h. After 12 h, less than 5% of the initial TNT could be detected as ADNT. Total ADNTs never exceeded 26% of initial TNT, suggesting that additional biotransformation steps also occurred. No other nitroaromatics were detected. A pseudo-first order rate constant for TNT clearance was calculated, k=0.40 h−1. D. innoxia cell suspension cultures demonstrated virtually complete clearance of TNT and of subsequent ADNT metabolites in less than 12 h. This rapid metabolism of nitroaromatics by the Datura cell suspension system indicates the utility of this system for further molecular and biochemical studies.