The spread of invasive species and infectious disease as drivers of ecosystem change

TitleThe spread of invasive species and infectious disease as drivers of ecosystem change
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsCrowl TA, Crist TO, Parmenter RR, Belovsky G, Lugo AE
JournalFrontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Volume6
Pagination238-246
Date Published2008
ISBN Numberdoi:10.1890/070151
Call Number00951
Keywordsarticle, climate change, continental scales, climate change, drivers, climate change, ecological responses, climate change, ecosystem responses, climate change, site network, ecosystem change, drivers, ecosystem change, infectious disease, ecosystem change, invasive species, ecosystem, climate change, infectious disease, invasive species, journal
AbstractInvasive species, disease vectors, and pathogens affect biodiversity, ecosystem function and services, and human health. Climate change, land use, and transport vectors interact in complex ways to determine the spread of native and non-native invastive species, pathogens, and their effects on ecosystem dynamics. Early detection and in-depth understanding of invasive species and infectious diseases will require an integrated network of research platforms and information exchange to identify hotspots of invasion or disease emergence. Partnerships with state and federal agencies that monitor the spread and impacts of invasive species and pathogens iwll be critical in developing a national data and research network that can facilitate a full understanding of the resulting effects on ecosystems and society. Citizen science can also play a role; individuals can report new invasions, record phenological changes associated with invasions or disease outbreaks, and can participate in efforts such as the Breeding Bird Survey, which may reveal long-term biotic change following species invasions and disease spread. The ecological and societal impacts of invasive species and pathogens differ across gradients of climate and land use, and in the presence of global climate change may exacerbate both their propagation and impacts. Understanding the interactions of invasive species, disease vectors, and pathogens with other drivers of ecosystem change is critical to human health and economic well-being.
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