|Title||Resistance to overland flow due to bed-load transport on plane mobile beds|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2004|
|Authors||Hu S, Abrahams AD|
|Journal||Earth Surface Processes and Landforms|
|Keywords||hydrology, bedload, hydrology, flow resistance, hydrology, hillslopes, hydrology, overland flow, hydrology, overland-flow hydraulics, hydrology, processes|
During bed-load transport by overland flow, momentum is transferred from the flow to the bed via grain collisions, resulting in a decrease in flow velocity and an increase in flow resistance, herein termed bed-load transport resistance. In overland flow on mobile plane beds, total flow restistance f consists of grain resistance fg and bed-load transport resistance fbt. In order to identify and evaluate the relative importance of the factors controlling fbt, 38 flume experiments were performed on slopes of 2.7 and 5.5º using sediment with median diameters of 0.74 and 1.16 mm. All flows were supercritical and turbulent. This study is an extension of a recent study by Gao and Abrahams (Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 2004, vol. 29, pp. 423-435). These authors found that fbt is controlled by three factors: sediment concentration C, dimensionless sediment diameter D*, and relative submergence h/D, where h is flow depth, D is median sediment diameter. However, a new dimensional analysis identifies two additional factors: Froude number F and slope S. Multiple regression analyses reveal (1) that these five factors together explain 97 per cent of the variance of fbt, and (2) that S control fbt entirely through C. The variable C is therefore redundant, and a new functional equation relating fbtto D*, h/D, S and F is developed. This equation may be used to predict fbt. An advantage of this equation is that it may be used to predict fbt without measuring bed-load transport rate. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
|Reprint Edition||In File (02/15/2005)|