Range condition influences on Chihuahuan desert cattle and jackrabbit diets

TitleRange condition influences on Chihuahuan desert cattle and jackrabbit diets
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1993
AuthorsDaniel A, Holechek JL, Valdez R, Tembo A, Saiwana L, Rusco M, Cardenas M
JournalJournal of Range Management
Volume46
Pagination296-301
Date Published1993
Call Number00620
Keywordsarticle, articles, cattle, diet, food habits, cattle, food habits, Lepus, grazing management, cattle, grazing management, Lepus, history, grazing, journal, journals, lagomorph, diet, lagomorph, Lepus, diet, Lepus,diet, toxicity, cattle, toxicity, Lepus
AbstractKnowledge of comparative diet selection by cattle and black-tailed jackrabbits (Lepus californicus) would permit better estimation of grazing capacity on Chihuahuan desert ranges. Cattle and black-tailed jackrabbit diets were evaluated seasonally on good and fair condition ranges over a 2-year period. Fecal samples analyzed by the microhisotological technique were used to determine diets of both animals. Key forage species in cattle diets were dropseeds (Sporobolus sp.), black grama (Bouteloua eriopoda Torr.), leatherweed croton (Croton pottsii Lam.), and bush muhly (Muhlenbergia porteri Scribn.). Key forage species in jackrabbit diets were honey mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa Torr.), cactus (Opuntia sp.), dropseed, broom snakeweed (Gutierrezia sarothrae Pursh.), and black grama. Over diet botanical composition data showed cattle consumed 58% grass compared to 22% for jackrabbits (P