Phenological development and impact of season and intensity of defoliation on <i>Sporobolus flexuosus</i> and <i>Bouteloua eriopoda</i>

TitlePhenological development and impact of season and intensity of defoliation on Sporobolus flexuosus and Bouteloua eriopoda
Publication TypeThesis
Year of Publication1980
AuthorsYoung SA
Number of Pages110
Date Published1980
UniversityNew Mexico State University
CityLas Cruces, New Mexico
Thesis TypeM.S. Thesispp
Call Number00597
KeywordsBouteloua, defoliation, Bouteloua,management, Bouteloua,phenology, cattle grazing, Bouteloua, cattle grazing, Sporobolus, dissertation, dissertations, grass, Bouteloua, grass, Sporobolus, grassland, management, grassland, reproduction, productivity,grassland, Sporobolus, defoliation, Sporobolus,management, Sporobolus,phenology, theses, thesis
AbstractThe objectives of this study were to determine how eight seasonal defoliation patterns affect regrowth of dry matter yield and basal diameter of mesa dropseed (Sporobolus flexuosus [Thrub.] Rhydb.) and black grama (Bouteloua eriopoda [Torr.] Torr.); determine how these defoliation patterns affect the reproductive potential of black grama; quantify seasonal phenological stages of growth in both species; and interpret the data in terms of management application. Regrowth and basal diameter of both species clipped to remove 30 percent the first year during vegetative growth had increased after two growing seasons. Therefore, for continued forage production, light use prior to floral development is recommended. Regrowth, basal diameter, and stolon numbers increased over two growing seasons in black grama plants clipped to simulate light use at dormancy. Therefore, light use of black grama during the winter is encouraged.