|Title||Land Ecology Essay II: Thresholds, novel ecosystems, and the sanctity of history|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|ARIS Log Number||329174|
How is an ecosystem supposed to be? The answers determine how millions of dollars are spent and how ecosystems are transformed (or ignored), with effects lasting centuries. Conflict over this question used to be between industry and environmentalists. Now ecologists are doing battle with one another too.