An integrated View of Complex Landscapes: A Big Data-Model Integration Approach to Transdisciplinary Science

TitleAn integrated View of Complex Landscapes: A Big Data-Model Integration Approach to Transdisciplinary Science
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsPeters DC, N. Burruss D, Rodriguez LL, Mcvey DScott, Elias EH, Pelzel-McCluskey A, Derner JD, Schrader TScott, Yao J, Pauszek SJ, Lombard J, Archer SR, Browning DM, Brungard C, Hatfield JL, Hanan N, Herrick JE, Okin GS, Sala OE, Savoy H, Vivoni ER, Bestelmeyer B
JournalBioscience
Volume68
Start Page653
Pagination653-669
Date Published09/2018
Accession NumberJRN54926
ARIS Log Number350794
Keywordscross-scale interactions, data science, earth science, landscape ecology, machine learning
Abstract

The Earth is a complex system comprising many interacting spatial and temporal scales. We developed a transdisciplinary data-model integration (TDMI) approach to understand, predict, and manage for these complex dynamics that focuses on spatiotemporal modeling and cross-scale interactions. Our approach employs human-centered machine-learning strategies supported by a data science integration system (DSIS). Applied to ecological problems, our approach integrates knowledge and data on (a) biological processes, (b) spatial heterogeneity in the land surface template, and (c) variability in environmental drivers using data and knowledge drawn from multiple lines of evidence (i.e., observations, experimental manipulations, analytical and numerical models, products from imagery, conceptual model reasoning, and theory). We apply this transdisciplinary approach to a suite of increasingly complex ecologically relevant problems and then discuss how information management systems will need to evolve into DSIS to allow other transdisciplinary questions to be addressed in the future.

URLfiles/bibliography/18-015.pdf
DOI10.1093/biosci/biy069