Inconsistencies in net radiation estimates from use of several models of instruments in a desert environment

TitleInconsistencies in net radiation estimates from use of several models of instruments in a desert environment
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1998
AuthorsKustas WP, Prueger JH, Hipps LE, Hatfield J., David M
JournalAgricultural and Forest Meteorology
Date Published1998
Accession NumberJRN00255
Call Number00756
Keywordsarticle, articles, instruments, net radiation, instruments, REBS, instruments, Swissteco, JORNEX, net radiation, journal, journals, net radiation, instrument comparison, remote sensing, JORNEX

Studies of surface energy and water balance generally require an accurate estimate of net radiation and its spatial distribution. A project quantifying both short term and seasonal water use of shrub and grass vegetation in the Jornada Experimental Range in New Mexico prompted a study to compare net radiation observations using two types of net radiometers currently being used in research. A set of 12 REBS net radiometers were compared with each other and one Swissteco, over wet and dry surfaces in an arid landscape under clear skies. The set of REBS exhibited significant differences in output over both surfaces. However, they could be cross calibrated to yield values within 10 W m-2, on average. There was also a significant bias between the REBS and Swissteco over a dry surface, but not over a wet one. The two makes of instrument could be made to agree under the dry conditions by using regression or autoregression techniques. However, the resulting equations would induce bias for the wet surface condition. Thus, it is not possible to cross calibrate these two makes of radiometer over the range of environmental conditions observed. This result indicates that determination of spatial distribution of net radiation over a variable surface should be made with identical instruments which have been cross calibrated. The need still exists for development of a radiometer and calibration procedures which will produce accurate and consistent measurements over a range of surface conditions. © 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.

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