|Title||A holistic strategy for adaptive land management|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Authors||Herrick JE, Duniway MC, Pyke DA, Bestelmeyer BT, Wills S.A., Brown J., Karl JW, Havstad K|
|Journal||Journal of Soil and Water Conservation|
|ARIS Log Number||284887|
Adaptive management is widely applied to natural resources management. Adaptive management can be generally defined as an iterative decision-making process that incorporates formulation of management objectives, actions designed to address these objectives, monitoring of results, and repeated adaptation of management until desired results are achieved. In this paper, we argue for a more holistic and systematic approach to adaptive management. We define holistic, adaptive, land management (HALM) as a refinement of adaptive management that requires (1) a process-based understanding of ecosystem dynamics and ecological mechanisms, (2) a willingness and ability to identify and consider all possible management alternatives, (3) rigorous monitoring of management effects, and (4) constant adaptation of management based on monitoring data and associated observations.