|Title||Flocks and herds or flerds--the choice is yours|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2004|
|Journal||Grassroots, Newsletter of the Grassland Society of Southern Africa|
|Date Published||June 2004|
|ARIS Log Number||159726|
|Keywords||bonding, cattle, creating and maintaining, flerds, flocks, herds, ruminants|
A novel approach for managing mixed species stocking groups involves bonding small ruminants (sheep and goats) to cattle; so, when the animal species are put into a pasture, they remain in close proximity to each other, forming what has been termed a flerd. This close association offers several management benefits, including: protection of the smaller ruminants from canine predation, ease in locating animals at pasture, reducing the need for fencing and utilizing the landscape more uniformly than do flocks and herds. The major emphasis of the manuscript is presenting a 'how to' approach to creating and maintaining flerds.