|Title||Field water regimes of sandy loam soils on arid rangelands of southern New Mexico|
|Publication Type||Conference Proceedings|
|Year of Publication||1985|
|Authors||Herbel C.H., Gibbens, Robert P.|
|Conference Name||Proceedings of the XV International Grassland Congress|
|Conference Location||Kyoto, Japan|
|Keywords||precipitaiton, probabilities, soil structure, soil water potential, vegetation|
There is little information on field measurement of soil water on arid rangelands. Forage production is largely dependent upon adequate water. The soil water potential is characterized for three sandy loam soils during 1957-76 on arid rangelands of southwestern United States. Gypsum-impregnated resistance blocks were placed at soil depths of 10, 25, 41, 61, and 91 cm. The average annual precipitation during the study periods was 244, 265, and 233 mm. At the 10-cm soil depth, the probability of soil water ≥ -1.5 megapascals during December March was 66, 70, and 68% at the three sites; during July-September, it was 40, 50, and 49%, respectively. Factors affecting soil water were: 1) precipitation amount, 2) surface soil characteristics, 3) topography, 4) soil texture, and 5) vegetation type. This information is useful for modeling the range ecosystem.