|Title||Effects of milk intake on forage intake and performance of suckling range calves|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1991|
|Authors||Ansotegui R.P., Havstad K, Wallace J.D., Hallford D.M.|
|Journal||Journal of Animal Science|
|Keywords||calves, forage, intake, Milk, suckling|
A study to examine the relationships between milk intake, forage intake, and performance of Hereford-Angus suckling range calves was conducted during July, August, and September of 1984 and 1985. Twenty calves were used each year. The study was conducted at the Red Bluff Research Ranch located 56 km west of Bozeman, Montana. Average daily gain, milk intake (MI), forage digestibility, and fecal output (FO) were measured at 28-d intervals, beginning when the average calf age was 66 +/- 4 d. Milk intake was estimated using weigh-suckle-weigh techniques. Total fecal collections were used to measure FO. Forage digestibility and rates of passage were determined using nylon bag in situ techniques and external markers in ruminally cannulated calves of the same age. Fecal output by calves increased as body weight and age increased. Milk intake was higher (P< .05) in 1985 than in 1984, but FO was higher (P< .01) in 1984 than in 1985. Fecal output by calves was negatively correlated to MI in July (r = -.62; P< .05) and August (r = -.56; P< .05). No significant correlations were detected between MI and ADG (P> .10). Forage intake estimates were derived from FO, rate of passage, and in situ digestibility values. During July, calves consumed .3 kg more forage for each kilogram of reduction in fluid MI (P< .05). In both August and September, calves consumed .6 kg more forage for each kilogram of reduction in fluid MI (P<.10). Calves maintained similar digestible energy (DE) intake both years, although the source of DE varied.