Composition and antimicrobial activity of <i>Anemposis californica</i> leaf oil

TitleComposition and antimicrobial activity of Anemposis californica leaf oil
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsMedina A., Lucero M.E., Holguin F.O., Estell RE, Posakony J.J., Simon J., O'Connell M.
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Date PublishedOctober 7, 2005
ARIS Log Number144657
Keywordsantimicrobial, leaf, steam distillation
AbstractIsolation and characterization leaf volatiles in Anemopsis californica (Nutt.) Hook. and Arn. (A. californica) was performed using steam distillation, solid-phase microextraction, and supercritical fluid extraction. Thirty-eight compounds were detected and identified by gas chromatography; elemicin was the major component of the leaf volatiles. While the composition of the leaf volatiles varied with method of extraction, sabinene, 1,8-cineole, piperitone, methyl eugenol, and elemicin were usually present in readily detectable amounts. Greenhouse-reared clones of a wild population of A californica had an identical leaf volatile composition with the parent plants. Steam-distilled oil had antimicrobial properties against 3 (Straphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Geotrichim candidum) of 11 microbial species tested. Some of this bioactivity could be accounted by the oil.