longterm

Long-term dataset

Aggregate mesquite litter mass following soil-litter mixing and decomposition in a semi-arid grassland from 2010-2012

Study number: 

301

Data set ID: 

210301002

Date range: 

2010-04-01 to 2012-10-31

Original investigator: 

Dan Hewins

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

Mesquite litter mass loss from decomposition associated with soil-litter mixing.

 

Mesquite litter mass loss from decomposition associated with soil-litter mixing.

 

Decomposition models typically under-predict decomposition relative to observed rates in drylands. This discrepancy indicates a significant gap in our mechanistic understanding of carbon and nutrient cycling in these systems. Recent research suggests that certain drivers of decomposition that are often not explicitly incorporated into models (e.g., photodegradation and soil-litter mixing; SLM) may be important in drylands, and their exclusion may, in part, be responsible for model under-predictions. To assess the role of SLM, litterbags were deployed in the Chihuahuan Desert and interrelationships between vegetation structure, SLM, and rates of decomposition were quantified. Vegetation structure was manipulated to simulate losses of grass cover from livestock grazing and shrub encroachment. I hypothesized that reductions in grass cover would promote SLM and accelerate mass loss by improving conditions for microbial decomposition.  

 

For more see: Hewins, D. B., S. R. Archer, G. S. Okin, R. L. McCulley, and H. L. Throop. 2013. Soil-litter mixing accelerates decomposition in a Chihuahuan Desert grassland. Ecosystems 16:183-195

Data download: 

Aggregate mesquite litter chemistry following soil-litter mixing and decomposition in a semi-arid grassland from 2010-2012

Study number: 

301

Data set ID: 

210301001

Date range: 

2010-04-01 to 2012-10-31

Original investigator: 

Dan Hewins

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

The effect of vegetation structure on soil-litter mixing (SLM) and decomposition was explicitly tested in a litterbag experiment on a Chihuahuan Desert grassland site where vegetation cover was manipulated to simulate the progressive loss of grass cover accompanying livestock grazing and woody plant encroachment.  We hypothesized that (i) reductions in grass cover would destabilize soi

The effect of vegetation structure on soil-litter mixing (SLM) and decomposition was explicitly tested in a litterbag experiment on a Chihuahuan Desert grassland site where vegetation cover was manipulated to simulate the progressive loss of grass cover accompanying livestock grazing and woody plant encroachment.  We hypothesized that (i) reductions in grass cover would destabilize soils and promote SLM, and (ii) that SLM would enhance microbial abundance and alter microbial community composition in ways that accelerate decomposition. To test our hypotheses, we quantified mass loss, and chemistry of litter incubated on sites with experimental reductions in grass cover (0 to 100% removals) over a 12-month period.  This dataset is of the percent carbon, percent nitrogen, and the carbon to nitrogen ratio.

Data download: 

Stressor II transect line point intercept data

Study number: 

461

Data set ID: 

210461001

Date range: 

1996-02-27 to 2009-10-27

Original investigator: 

Kris Havstad

Abstract: 

The goal of this sampling effort is to describe the vegetation response to treatments.  Data were collected following the line-point intercept method (Herrick et al.

2009).  Although the original LPI data set was in multivariate form with separate columns for canopy layers and soil surface, this data set has been transposed into vertical form, implementing a “layer” variable, so that all species and soil surface codes appear in one column.  Within each exclosure, 4837 points were sampled with the following exceptions:

year

exclosure

total_points_sampled

1996

5

4825

1996

7

4836

1996

9

4836

1996

10

4836

1997

1

4830

1997

2

4830

1997

3

4830

1997

4

4830

1997

5

4830

1997

6

4830

1997

7

4830

1997

8

4830

1997

9

4830

1997

10

4830

1997

11

4830

1997

12

4830

1997

13

4830

1997

14

4830

1997

15

4830

1997

16

4830

1997

17

4830

1997

18

4830

2002

12

4835

 

Data download: 

Horizontal sediment mass flux before & after the windy season from vegetation removal plots(Sediment weight at various heights)

Study number: 

228

Data set ID: 

210228001

Date range: 

2008-03-24 to 2013-05-23

Original investigator: 

Dale A Gillette

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

Dataset consists of horizontal dust flux at multiple heights from BSNE dust collectors located in treatment plots (different percent vegetation removed) and adjacent downwind effect plots. Year 2008 was an annual collection. Collection in subsequent years occurred before and after the wind season. The experiment was designed to test the effects of increasing wind erosion on soil and vegetation properties at the Jornada.  In order to increase wind erosion rates, vegetation was removed to increase bare surface area and stimulate erosion (the less vegetation present the greater the wind erosion).  The basic experimental design includes three treatment blocks.  Each block has four treatment plots with different level of vegetation removed (25-100%) and a control treatment.  Treatment plots are 25x50m with 25m buffers between.  The vegetation removal includes grasses and small shrubs (like XASA and ZIGR), but not mesquite or yucca or any of the larger shrubs).  Also, adjacent downwind plots are included in the design.  These plots are strictly for monitoring of soil and vegetation properties, so no maintenance is required on these areas.

Conmod Pilot Study: Annual vegetation transect Line Point Intercept measurements

Study number: 

308

Data set ID: 

210308002

Date range: 

2008-06-10 to 2009-07-27

Original investigator: 

Debra Peters

Abstract: 

    Line-Point Intercept data are collected annually for this project beginning in 2008. No data were
    collected in 2011. There are 4 pairs of plots consisting of control and treatment. Each plot is
    8x8 meters with an 8x8 meter buffer plot above and below it. Treatment plots have connectivity modules
    Line-Point Intercept data are collected annually for this project beginning in 2008. No data were
    collected in 2011. There are 4 pairs of plots consisting of control and treatment. Each plot is
    8x8 meters with an 8x8 meter buffer plot above and below it. Treatment plots have connectivity modules
    (conmods) installed to decrease gap size between perennials.  Buffer plots do not have conmods.
    Four 24-meter transects run through the plot and 2 buffer plots. These transects are spaced
    0.8, 2.8, 4.3, and 7.2 meters across the plots (denoted as 1, 3, 5, and 7 meters in the database),
    paralleling the long axis of the combined buffer plots and central plot.
         Aeolian site:         Control plots 2,4,5,8  Treatment plots 1,3,6,7
         Dona Ana site:        Control plots 2,4,5,7  Treatment plots 1,3,6,8
         Gravelly Ridges site: Control plots 1,3,5,7  Treatment plots 2,4,6,8
 

Data download: 

Conmod Pilot Study: Annual plant canopy gap and basal gap intercept data

Study number: 

308

Data set ID: 

210308001

Date range: 

2006-06-10 to 2009-07-11

Original investigator: 

Debra Peters

Abstract: 

Canopy Gap and Basal Gap Intercept data are collected annually for this project beginning in 2008. No data were collected in 2011. There are 4 pairs of plots consisting of control and treatment. Each plot is 8x8 meters with an 8x8 meter buffer plot above and below it. Treatment plots have connectivity modules (conmods) installed to decrease gap size between perennials. Buffer plots do not have conmods. Four 24-meter transects run through the plot and 2 buffer plots. These transects are spaced 0.8, 2.8, 4.3, and 7.2 meters across the plots (denoted as 1, 3, 5, and 7 meters in the database), paralleling the long axis of the combined buffer plots and central plot.
Aeolian site:                Control plots 2,4,5,8  Treatment plots 1,3,6,7
Dona Ana site:            Control plots 2,4,5,7  Treatment plots 1,3,6,8
Gravelly Ridges site:  Control plots 1,3,5,7  Treatment plots 2,4,6,8

Soil Moisture in the Tromble Watershed from 6/2010 to 10/2011

Study number: 

338

Data set ID: 

210338004

Date range: 

2010-06-06 to 2011-09-30

Original investigator: 

Ryan Templeton

Precipitation Measured at Four Locations in the Tromble Watershed from 6/2010 to 10/2011

Study number: 

338

Data set ID: 

210338002

Date range: 

2010-06-06 to 2011-09-30

Original investigator: 

Ryan Templeton

Abstract: 

Precipitation at 1 minute intervals for rain gauges 2-5 with R1 excluded due to periods of interruption.  Spatially averaged rainfall over the watershed is calculated in this dataset based on relative coverage of each rain gauge determined from a Theissen polygon map.

Precipitation at 1 minute intervals for rain gauges 2-5 with R1 excluded due to periods of interruption.  Spatially averaged rainfall over the watershed is calculated in this dataset based on relative coverage of each rain gauge determined from a Theissen polygon map.

Data download: 

Hydrological and Energy Surface and Atmospheric Fluxes in the Tromble Watershed from 6/2010 to 10/2011

Study number: 

338

Data set ID: 

210338001

Date range: 

2008-08-02 to 2011-09-30

Original investigator: 

Ryan Templeton

Abstract: 

This files presents all of the flux data post-EdiRe processing at 30 minute resolution.  Included in this file is: Ux = Mean wind speed in the x-direction, Uy = mean wind speed in the y-direction, Uz = mean wind speed in the z-direction, Co2 = CO2 atmospheric concentrations, H2O = Water atmospheric concentrations, Press = barometric pressure, Air Temp = atmospheric temperature, wind speed = mea

n wind speed towards 216 degrees from north, H Flux = sensible heat flux, LE Flux = latent heat flux, C Flux = carbon flux.

Data download: 

Soil water content in precipitation and nitrogen treatment plots at 2 depth profiles

Study number: 

27

Data set ID: 

2100278001

Date range: 

2007-07-24 to 2009-08-10

Original investigator: 

Lara G Reichmann

Data contact: 

Abstract: 

Volumetric soil water is used to measure the effectiveness of the water manipulation treatments. Soil water content is monitored at 2 depths (5-10, 30-50 cm) using ECH2OTM moisture probes connected to an ECH2O check handheld.

Volumetric soil water is used to measure the effectiveness of the water manipulation treatments. Soil water content is monitored at 2 depths (5-10, 30-50 cm) using ECH2OTM moisture probes connected to an ECH2O check handheld.

Data download: 

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